In Hinduism, each day of a week is dedicated to a particular
god in the Hindu pantheon. Apart from the special Vrata and Upvas, many Hindus
also fast on a particular day in a week. Each day in a week has a specialty and
there are numerous folklores associated with the fasting observed on the days
of a week.
According to Hindu Mythology each day of a week is dedicated
to a particular God as well as a planet. Miracles do happen by observing a
particular Vrat or fast. All rituals and observations are easy ways to please
the planets and their respective Gods. Vedic Astrology helps us to understand
the nature and characters of planets and also help us to know that why we are
suffering so many problems due to the incorrect placement or inauspicious
planets. So it’s high time you should consult an expert astrologer who can
suggest you the particular vrat, mantra and means to ward off these problems.
It can automatically improve all sufferings. Vrata is a Sanskrit word that means
“vow, resolve, devotion” and refers to pious observances such as
fasting and temple visit.
It is considered that we get success, failure, wealth,
poverty, fame, insult, life and death according to our karma. We get good and
bad results according to the correct and incorrect placement of planets. In
order to drive away the negative effects of related planets we should recite
mantra and observe fast related to the respective planets. But you are advised
that you should consider an expert astrologer so that he can suggest the
correct day and fast according to the weak and inauspicious planet in our
Hindu devotees keep occasional ‘Upvas’ or fast corresponding
to the fulfilment of a vow or a belief and ‘vratas’ (fasting and observance of
religious rituals) that is analogous with material or other gains. Apart from
these special occasions, many devotees also fast on a particular day of the
week dedicated to a particular god in the Hindu pantheon to appease him/her.
Ancient sages used observances like ritual fasts to spread the awareness of
different gods. Fasting and other rituals pave the path of the divine for the
devotees to realize god, which is considered the sole purpose of human
A typical Vrata involves a fast for a fixed period of time,
usually a full day, where either no food is eaten or only one meal is eaten in
the entire day, or only a certain food such as milk is consumed during the
period of the Vrata. Other observances include sleeping on the ground or a
short sleep, or alternatively yoga with meditation, reading scripture and
The puranas denote various types of vratas. ‘Kayika-vrata’
pertains to the body. The stress is on physical austerity like fasting. ‘Vachika-vrata’
or vrata pertaining to speech. Here much importance is given to speaking the
truth and reciting the scriptures. ‘Manasa-vrata’ or vrata pertaining to the
mind. The emphasis here is on controlling the mind, by controlling the passions
and prejudices that arise in it.
Rules to be followed by those undertaking vrata
It is difficult for the common man to perform rituals
according to Vedas. To overcome this difficulty, Puranas mention vrata, which
are easy to follow.
- Strict compliance – Any vrata should be followed meticulously. Once undertaken, we should not think of the hardships while observing it.
- Completion is necessary – If one begins a vrat, it should be completed; as giving up half way through could be disastrous. Scriptures also recommend ‘penance’ if there is a break in a vrat, deliberate or by accident.
- Wake up during Brahma muhurta (one and half-hour before sunrise).
- Bathing – One should bathe every day.
- Clothing and ornaments – When observing a vrat we should use ‘gandh’ (sandalwood paste), flowers, a chain of beads and clothing and ornaments to suit the vrat.
- Eating meals and urination and defecation should be done at the appropriate time.
- Puja of the Deity – Puja of the Deity for whose sake the vrat has been undertaken should be performed. We should chant the Deity’s Name, meditate, listen to His / Her stories, worship, perform kirtans (narration of the glory of God through stories punctuated with devotional songs) and read religious texts.
- Meals – Should be limited. Salty foods, honey and meat are prohibited.
- Restrictions: One should refrain from doing the following things
- Application of oil to the body and head, sabhyang snan.
- Eating betel leaves
- Application of fragrant substances to the body,
- Actions that will decrease physical and mental strength such as anger, greed, attachment, laziness, etc. to be avoided.
- Sleeping during the day
- Sexual Intercourse
- Careful cultivation of virtues – Carefully cultivate qualities like forgiveness, truthfulness, compassion, generosity etc.
- Puja of the Guru and Deities should be performed and they should be honoured.
- Offering meals – Guru, married women, kanya (young virgin girls) and guests should be offered meals. If possible, offer food to orphans, old age homes, destitute and poor.
- Donation – Cattle, wealth, ornaments etc. should be donated. (according to your capacity)
- Even if a woman gets her menses during a vrata, it does not pose any obstruction to her in completing the vrata.
- The sankalp – It is necessary to make a sankalp when commencing and concluding a vrat. If this is not done, then the observance is not fruitful. Standing facing the north and holding a copper vessel filled with water in the hand, one should make the sankalp for the vrat. The northern direction is favourable for spiritual progress.
God: Sunday is
dedicated to Lord Surya – the Sun God.
The lord Surya is the lord of all the planets on the
heavenly body and the most powerful one and is considered as the soul of the
universe according to Hindu Mythology. Lord Surya gives knowledge, divinity and
performance, power, position, authority, glory, name, reputation, force and
makes one a ruler or a kingly person.
In today’s world, we all are so rushed for time and have no
time to think for ourselves. In such a scenario, we can take so many lessons
from the Sun God. He is multifaceted, immensely co-ordinated and does his
duties with full commitment. The Sun Lord is always awake and encompasses
everything that is under him and provides bright sunlight to each and every
person on this planet. The rays of sunlight heal many diseases, especially
those with eyes and skin, it also increases immunity. The sun provides energy
to everything that we do, whether it is solar energy or heat energy, it makes
the world a cleaner and better place to live in. The Sun is also directly responsible
for giving us life, had there been no Sun, there would have been no food in the
world. It is said that offering a glass of water to the Sun God every morning
while chanting “Om Suryaya Namah” can help us get rid of all our
Ritual: Complete morning ablutions, bath and cleaning
the house and surrounding, devotees should offer red colour flowers to Surya
and apply red sandalwood paste as ’tilak’ on your forehead. Keep fast
throughout the day and eat food only once before sunset and avoid salt, oil and
fried food items. Ravivar Vrat or Sunday fasts help in fulfilling one’s wishes
and curing all kinds of skin diseases.
“Namah Suryaya Shantaya Sarvaroga Nivaarine
Ayu rarogya maisvairyam dehi devah jagatpate”
“Aadhitya Hrudhaya Punyam Sarva Sathru Vinaasanam
Jayaavaham Jabe nithyam Akshayam Paramam Shivam ||”
God – Monday is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
It is said that Lord Siva is easily pleased. Those devotees
observing fast on Mondays eat food once only. People visit Lord Siva shrines
and conduct pujas, especially, Ardhanarishwara puja.
On Monday, it is advised to worship Lord Shiva or Sivalinga
with cold Milk, Bilva leaves, Bhang, Dhatura and Panchamrit. The mantra ‘Om
Namah Sivaya’ is chanted continuously. You may also recite this sloka.
Shivam shivakaram, shantham shivathmanam, Shivothamam,
pranamami sada shivam.
Maha Mrityunjaya Homam can also be performed on Mondays. Siva
devotees also read Siva Purana. Unmarried women observe the Vrat to get good
husbands. Others observe it for a happy and prosperous family life. To get rid
of all health issues one should chant Maha Mruthyunjay Mantra 108 times on this
“Oṃ tryaṃbakaṃ yajamahe sugandhiṃ puṣṭivardhanam
urvarukamiva bandhanan mṛtyor mukṣiya mamṛta”
Solah Somvar Vrat (16 consecutive Mondays) – Upvas, or
fasting, on Mondays, begins at sunrise and ends at sunset. On the day, food is
eaten once only, after evening prayer. Lord Siva and Goddess Parvati are
worshipped on the day. Of course, no worship begins without remembering Lord
Ganesha. The fasting on Mondays in the Shravan month is considered even more
People observe Monday fast to fulfil their wishes. It could
be anything from good health, happy life, prosperity, domestic happiness,
marriage and many other things. If there is any dosha in your marriage
astrology, your marriage may delay.
Mainly unmarried women observe this as it helps them to get a good
husband like Siva. If they can continue this for 16 consecutive Mondays, they
can please Lord Shiva and get a good husband. One should observe fasting with a
pure heart and complete devotion. Get rid of all negativities away from you to
get a good outcome out of this fasting.
God – Tuesday is dedicated to Lord Ganesha, Durga,
Goddess Kali and Lord Hanuman.
Most devotees visit Devi and Hanuman shrines. In South
India, the day is dedicated to Skanda or Muruga or Subramanya. Lord Ganesha is
one of the few Hindu Gods, who is said to solve all kinds of troubles and touch
all aspects of human life with his holy presence. Hindus worship Lord Ganesha
before starting any puja or important task. There are many ways you can offer
Pooja to Lord Ganesha and easiest way is
offering him plate full of Modak or
offering Sindhoor, Erukku flowers, banana, white flowers, etc.
Hanuman is the symbol of courage, strength, wisdom and
victory. He vanquishes all evils and brings success. The worshippers of Hanuman
who recites Hanuman Chalisa will gain enormous physical and mental strength and
courage to succeed in life. To be successful in life one must be strong
physically, mentally, intellectually and socially. Hanuman is a symbol of all
the four and you pray him to be like him or to get his blessings to be like
him. Physically Hanuman is the strongest; he can carry mountains, jump across
oceans and defeat any person on earth due to his prowess. His body is hard as
diamond (Vajra). He can execute any task assigned at the speed of thought
(manojavam) and has superior intelligence. Finally one must have uncompromising
discipline in whatever one do and that is only possible if we overcome
Lord Muruga is a master of many great qualities and divine
attributes. His worship shall help the devotees overcome the three prime
impediments of Karma (destiny), Maya (illusion) and Ahankar (ego). They would
also be blessed with courage, confidence, determination, knowledge, skills,
intelligence, and wisdom. Muruga is also the overlord of the warrior planet
Mars and worshiping him shall help people to get relief from the malefic
effects of the fiery planet. Planet Mars is also known for causing legal issues,
and people in particular, who are entangled in litigations should worship Lord
Muruga, for coming out of them successfully. Performing Poojas and Homas to
Lord Muruga shall prove immensely beneficial for achieving their ends.
Upvas (fasting) on the day is dedicated to Hanuman and
Mangal or Mars. Mangalwar, Tuesday, takes its name from the god Mangal or Mars
who rules the day and is considered to be a troublemaker, and the fast is to
ward off the harmful effects. Red is the preferred colour on the day. Those
people who fast avoid taking food containing salt at night.
Mangalvar Vrat is observed by those couples who wish to have
a son. People who have violent and fiery attitude should observe the Tuesday
fast to cool down their anger. Boys can keep this fast for growing there
intelligence and strength. This Vrat helps in making the business successful.
Worshipping Lord Hanuman gives freedom from all kinds of sins like vocal or
mental etc and the person achieve happiness, wealth and profit. On the day of
Tuesday fast, you should have pure thoughts.
Depending upon the God you are praying the following slokas
can be recited multiple times
Manojavam Maruta tulya vegam Jitendriyem budhimatham Varishtam
Vatatmajam Vanarayutha mukhyam, Shri Rama Dhootham
Vakra-Tunda Maha-Kaya Surya-Koti Samaprabha
Nirvignam Kuru Me Deva Sarva-Karyesu Sarvada
Shadananam kumkuma raktha varnam, Mahamadhim divya mayura
Rudrasya soonam, sura sainya natham, Guham satha, sharanam aham prabadhyey.
God – Budvar, Wednesday, is dedicated to Lord Krishna and
the planet Budh or Mercury.
The day is also associated with Lord Vithal, an incarnation
of Krishna. Green colour leaves, especially Tulsi leaves, are used in Pujas.
The day is highly auspicious for starting new ventures and it is believed that
those who observe the Vrat are bound to get blessed with fortunes. People also
give alms on the day. In some regions,
Lord Vishnu is worshiped. Keeping a fast (Upvas) on Budhvar is believed to help
in leading a peaceful family life.
Those devotees who undertake a fast on the day only take a
single meal in the afternoon. The fasting is observed mainly by husband and
wife together. The green color is considered highly auspicious on the day. In
Astrology, mercury is considered compassionate and generous. Mercury is usually
depicted riding a lion.
Wednesday, also known as Budhavar, is the day of Budha or
Mercury, who is regarded as the wisest and youngest of planets and considered
as a symbol of knowledge, wisdom and wealth. Wednesday is an auspicious day in
Hinduism as it is associated with Lord Krishna and the planet Mercury. Chanting
mantras bring immediate and lasting relief from the difficulties in life and
grants the devotee his heart’s desire. Fasting on Wednesday brings harmony in
personal relationships, wealth, better intellectual capacities and overall
success in life.
Recite Srikrishna stotram on Wednesdays
Vasu deva sutham devam Kamsa Chanura mardhanam,
Devaki paramanandam Krishnam vande jagat gurum.
God – Thursday is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, his
incarnations and Guru Brihaspati.
Pujas are conducted using milk, ghee etc. Food is only
consumed once during the day and includes Chana Dal (Bengal Gram) and ghee.
Basically, yellow coloured food is eaten on the day. In some regions, banana or
plantain is worshipped and watered. People read Srimad Bhagavad Purana on the
day. Thursday, which is called Brihaspatiwar is also dedicated to Brihaspati,
the Guru of Devas.
Yellow is the colour of the day. In some areas, people make
it a point to visit Hanuman Temple on Thursdays. Those who perform pujas and Vrata
on Thursdays will be blessed with wealth and happy life.
Recite Lord Vishnu prayers on Thursday
Shaanthakaaram Bhujagashayanam. Padmanabham suresham,
Vishwadharam gaganasadrusham meghavarnam shubhangam
Lakshmi kantham kamalanayanam Yogibhir Dhyaana Gamyam
Vandhe vishnum bhavabhayaharam sarvalokayeeka Natham.
God – Friday is dedicated to Mother Goddess – Mahalakshmi,
Santhosi Ma, Annapurneshwari and Durga.
Worship of Shakti – Durga, Kali and other forms – on Friday
is considered highly auspicious. Shakti temples in India attract a large number
of devotees on this day. Devotees wear a white coloured dress on this day. The
fasting on Shukravar begins at sunrise and ends with sunset. The person fasting
only partakes in the evening meal. White coloured food like kheer or milk is
the most preferred.
Another deity that is propitiated on the day is Shukra, who
is known to provide joy and material wealth. The period of Shukra in one’s
astrological chart is considered to be most productive and lucky period.
Fast is kept for various reasons, which include removal of
obstacles, for a child, happy family life etc. There are numerous stories
associated with Shukravar. In almost all the stories, Lord Shukra or Venus is dishonoured
in the beginning and the devotee later realizes his/her folly through numerous
untoward incidents. Then the devotee realizes the mistake and propitiates
Shukra and is finally rewarded. Sweets are distributed on the day.
Recite Devi sthuthi on Fridays
Sarva Mangala Maangallyey, Shivey Sarvaartha Saadhikey,
Sharanyey Thrayambakey gauri, Narayanee Namosthuthey.
God – Shani Dev
Saturday is dedicated to alleviating the bad influence of
Lord Shani. The Vrat on this day is mainly observed by those people who believe
in Hindu astrology. Black is the colour of the day and people visit Shani
shrine or Navagraha shrines. In South India visiting Lord Ayyappa temple is
very popular on Saturdays.
Shani or Saturn is the most dreaded ‘graha’ in Hindu
astrology. Astrologers believe that all the other planets fail to give any good
results if Shani happens to cause obstruction. Shani’s ‘sade-sati’ is
considered as terribly ill-fated. There are many legends, myths, fears and
folklore associated with Shani. He is the son of Surya (sun) and his wife
Chhaya (shadow), hence also known as Chayyaputra. He is the elder brother of
Yama, the Hindu god of death, who in some scriptures corresponds to the
deliverance of justice. Shani gives us the results of one’s deeds through
appropriate punishments and rewards; Yama grants the results of one’s deeds
after death. According to a famous mythological story, when Shani opened his
eyes as a baby for the first time, the sun went into an eclipse. This clearly
denotes our belief in the impact of Shani on astrological charts. Stories about
his evil influence are plentiful. In Vedic astrology, the planetary position at
the time of birth determines the future of a person. Therefore, Hindus accord
immense importance to the planets, and Saturn or Shani is one such planet which
they fear the most for ill-luck. Anyone born under his influence is believed to
at risk. In the legends, Shani is represented as riding a chariot, carrying a
bow and arrow and pulled by a vulture or crow. Shani is found wearing a blue
cloth, blue flowers and sapphire. He is depicted dark in colour, clothed in
black; holding a sword, arrows and two daggers and mounted on a crow.
According to one school of Vedic astrology this is a
troublesome time for the person who is under sade-sati’s influence. There may
be a lot of challenges in his life, and he may face accidents, sudden failures,
money, legal and health problems. Saturn is a teacher like Jupiter, but Saturn
is a bit harsher than Jupiter. Saturn loves to show you reality of your life
and present to you in ‘Now’, whereas Jupiter gives optimism about the future.
It is believed that those who have the blessing of Lord
Hanuman are protected from the wrath of Shani. Therefore many people make it a
point to worship Hanuman at home or in temples. Black is the preferred colour on
Saturday. Devotees who are observing Shanivar Vrat usually visit Shani shrines.
Black coloured items like sesame til, sesame oil, black clothes, and black gram
whole are offered to Shani. It must be noted here that the color of the idol of
Shani is always black in color.
Those devotees who fast on Saturday only take a single meal
that too in the evening after prayers. Food prepared usually consists of sesame
til or black gram or any other black coloured food item. Salt is avoided by
many on the day.
Shani Dhyan Mantra
Nilanjana samabhasam raviputram yamagrajam
Chaya martanda sambhutam tam namami shaishcharam
Shani Gayatri Mantra
Aum Sanaischaraya Vidmahe Sooryaputraya Dheemahi,
Tanno Manda Prachodayat.
Doing good to others is one of the
best way to please deities. It must be noted here that the deity worshipped on
a particular day might vary from region to region and community to community.
The result of all upvas or fast depends on the person. It is good, if all the
members in the family can undertake a Vrata together. All rituals and
observances are path towards understanding the Supreme Soul and this will
automatically alleviate all sufferings.