49. Ashtanga Pranam – while prostrating in front of Guru or God, touching the ground with eight parts of our body. They are knees, belly, chest, hands, elbows, chin, nose, and temple. Not recommended for women.

50. Ashta Lakshmi – eight Lakshmi, are the secondary manifestations of Shri-Maha-Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth, who preside over eight sources of wealth. They are

  • Adi Lakshm : an ancient form of Lakshmi and incarnation of Lakshmi as daughter of the sage Bhrigu.
  • Dhana Lakshmi: for money and gold
  • Dhanya Lakshmi  “Lakshmi as goddess of grain”: Giver of agricultural wealth.
  • Gaja Lakshm : Giver of animal wealth, like cattle and elephants
  • Santana Lakshmi : Bestower of offspring
  • Veera Lakshmi or Dhairya Lakshmi : Bestower of valour in battles and courage and strength for overcoming difficulties in life.
  • Vijaya Lakshmi or Jaya Lakshmi: Giver of victory, not only in battles but also in conquering hurdles in order to beget success.
  • Vidya Lakshmi: the bestower of knowledge of arts and sciences

51. Ashtanga hridayam – is an Ancient Ayurvedic text book written by Vaghbhata. There are eight branches of Ayurveda, hence the name Ashtanga Hridayam. They are

  • Kaya Chikitsa – General medicine
  • Bala Chikitsa – Paediatrics
  • Graha Chikitsa – Psychiatry
  • Urdhvanga Chikitsa – Diseases and treatment of Ear, Nose, Throat, Eyes and Head (neck and above region)
  • Shalya Chikitsa – Surgery
  • Damshrta Chikitsa – Toxicology
  • Jara Chikitsa – Geriatrics
  • Vrushya Chikitsa – Aphrodisiac therapy

52. Octagon – A polygon with eight sides is an octagon.

53. The atomic number of oxygen is eight.

54. All spiders, and more generally all arachnids, have eight legs.

55. The octopus and its cephalopod relatives in genus Argonauta have eight arms (tentacles).

56. Man – In human adult dentition there are eight teeth in each quadrant. The eighth tooth is the so-called wisdom tooth. There are eight cervical nerves on each side in man and most mammals.

57. The Noble Eightfold Path – is one of the principal teachings of the Buddha, who described it as the way leading to the cessation of suffering (dukkha) and the achievement of self-awakening. It is used to develop insight into the true nature of phenomena (or reality) and to eradicate greed, hatred, and delusion. They are 1. Right view 2. Right intention 3. Right speech  4. Right action  5. Right livelihood  6. Right effort  7. Right mindfulness  8. Right concentration

58. The Dharmacakra, a Buddhist symbol, has eight spokes.

59. In Mahayana Buddhism, the branches of the Eightfold Path are embodied by the Eight Great Bodhisattvas: (Manjusri, Vajrapani, Avalokiteśvara, Maitreya, Ksitigarbha, Nivaranavishkambhi, Akasagarbha, and Samantabhadra).

60. In the 2008 Games of the XXIX Olympiad, the official opening was on 08/08/08 at 8:08:08 p.m. local time in Beijing, China.

61. In computer language A byte is eight bits.

62. Eight is symbolic for lesbian sexual relations.

63. Eight babies delivered in one birth are called octuplets. The first set of eight surviving babies, the Chukwu octuplets, were born in 1998.

64. “88” is the abbreviated terminology used by the Aryan Brotherhood for the Nazi salute, “Heil Hitler” – “H” being the eighth letter of the alphabet, twice.

65. There are eight types of marriages described in ancient Hindu texts.  They are Rite of Brahmana (Brahma) – where the father of the bride invites a man learned in the Vedas and a good conduct, and gives his daughter in marriage to him after decking her with jewels and costly garments, Rite of the Gods (Daiva) – where the daughter is groomed with ornaments and given to a priest who duly officiates at a sacrifice during the course of its performance of this rite, Rite of the Rishis (Arsha) – when the father gives away his daughter after receiving a cow and a bull from the brightgroom, Rite of the Prajapati – (Prajapatya) where the father gives away his daughter after blessing the couple with the text “May both of you perform together your duties”, Rite of the Asura (Demons) – when the bridegroom receives a maiden after bestowing wealth to the kinsmen and to the bride according to his own will, Rite of the Gandharva – the voluntary union of a maiden and her lover, which arises from desire and sexual intercourse for its purpose, Rite of the Rakshasa – forcible abduction of a maiden from her home after her kinsmen have been slain or wounded and their houses broken open, Rite of the Pisaka – when a man by stealth seduces a girl who is sleeping or intoxicated or is mentally imbalanced or handicapped.

66. There are eight types of intelligence. They are Linguistic Intelligence :the gift of words, Linguistically intelligent people best understand the world through the spoken and written word, Visual/Spatial Intelligence :the gift of pictures, visually intelligent people best understand the world through visualization and spatial orientation, Musical :The gift of music, musically intelligent people best understand the world through rhythm and melody, Bodily Kinaesthetic Intelligence :the gift of body, physically intelligent people best understand the world through physicality, Logical/Mathematical :the gift of logic and number, mathematically and Logically intelligent people best understand the world through cause and effect, Interpersonal Intelligence :the gift of people, socially intelligent people best understand the world through the eyes of others, Intrapersonal :the gift of self, Intra-personally intelligent people best understand the world from their unique point of view, Naturalist Intelligence :the gift of nature, environmentally intelligent people best understand the world through their own environment.

67. There are eight types of waste as described by lean manufacturing. Waste can be viewed as the single hurdle that can limit a business over time, unless they are identified and systematically eliminated. They are Overproduction: Making more than is required by the next process, Waiting: Any idle time created when waiting, Transportation: Any movement of materials or people around a plant that does not add value to the product or service, Non-Value-Added processing: Any effort that adds no value to the product or service, Inventory: Any supply in excess of a one-piece flow through the manufacturing process, Under Utilizing People: The waste of not using people to the best of their unique abilities, Defects: Inspection and repair of materials in inventory, Motion: Any movement of people or machines that does not add value to the product or service.

68. The prayer of saint Francis of Assisi on the peace contains eight requests to the Lord: Lord, make me an instrument of peace.


1. Where is the hatred, let me put love.

2. Where is the offense, let me put forgiveness.

3. Where is the discord, let me put union.

4. Where is the error, let me put truth.

5. Where is the doubt, let me put faith.

6. Where is the despair, let me put hope.

7. Where are darkness, let me put light.

8. Where is the sadness, let me put the joy.

69. Fun Fact.

9 x 9 + 7 = 88

98 x 9 + 6 = 888

987 x 9 + 5 = 8888

9876 x 9 + 4 = 88888

98765 x 9 + 3 = 888888

987654 x 9 + 2 = 8888888

9876543 x 9 + 1 = 88888888

98765432 x 9 + 0 = 888888888

70.  The amount of clouds in the sky is measured in oktas (from 0 to 8).

71. Most umbrellas have eight sides.

72. It takes eight minutes for the sun’s light to reach the earth

73. Millennium Goals – There are eight Millennium Development Goals to be achieved by 2015. These goals were agreed on by 192 United Nations member states.

Goal 1 – Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.

Goal 2 – Achieve universal primary education.

Goal 3 – Promote gender equality and empower women.

Goal 4 – Reduce child mortality.

Goal 5 – Improve maternal health.

Goal 6 – Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.

Goal 7 – Ensure environmental sustainability.

Goal 8 – Develop a global partnership for development.

74.  Austria – Austria borders to eight different counties: Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungry, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

75. Krishna is considered to be the eighth avatar of Vishnu.  Krishna was the eighth son of princess Devaki, and her husband Vasudeva.  Krishna had eight primary wives.

76. Chinese life is ruled by eight: at eight months a child has milk teeth; at eight years he loses them; at twice eight he reaches maturity and at 64 (8 x 8) he loses the power of procreation.

77. Eight Principles of Acupuncture – Acupuncture theory holds that a human being is a microcosm. Within a human being are contained the same elements as those of the world: wood, fire, earth, metal and water. If these elements are working in harmony then the body is balanced and can repel disease. If there is lack of harmony, illness is the result. This is the first law of acupuncture and is known as The Law of the Five Elements.

1. Hot 2.Cold.  3.Wet  4. Dry 5. Excess. 6. Deficient.  7. Yin. 8. Yang

78. The Eight Elements of Music – Music has eight elements that composers and performers manipulate to create pieces that stir hearts and minds. The elements – rhythm, dynamics, melody, harmony, tone color, texture, form and text – form the “language of music” and influence our interpretations of what we hear.

79. In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna says: “Earth, Water, Fire, Air, Ether, Spirit, Intelligence and Ego are my 8 separated energies.”  

80. The eight favorable qualities of birth that are most conducive to success are:  Having a long lifespan, a handsome healthy body, in a reputable family, with wealth and friends, with credibility of speech, with influence, as a male, and with a powerful body and mind.

81. Ashta Vianayaka – As per puranas it is said that Lord Ganesh got manifested in several forms out of which, eight are considered to be most important referred to as His incarnations. These incarnations that have occurred in different cosmic ages are; Vakratunda; Ekadantha; Mahodara; Gajavaktra (Gajaanana); Lambodara; Vikata; Vighnaraja and Dhoomravarna.

82. Ashta Vasus – They are a class of Vedic deities; eight in number called Ashta Vasus; the elemental gods who are associated with Indra, the Lord of Heaven. They represent the basic aspects of nature; cosmic natural phenomenon viz; the earth, fire, water, wind, sky, sun; moon and stars. Names of Ashta Vasus are as follows; Dhara; Dhruva; Soma; Ahas; Anila; Anala; Pratyuusha; and Prabhasa;

83. Hindu Astrology – Ashtama Bhaava; 8th house in an astrological chart signifies a very important aspect viz; the longevity and death; apart from several other things like obstacles, accidents, disgrace, degradation, sudden aberrations, windfall, unearned wealth, chronic diseases etc. It is one of the Dusthanas (bad house) in a birth chart.

84. Ashtamukhi Rudraaksha – In the concept of Rudraaksha, Ashtamukhi (eight faced) is known to represent Lord Ganapathi (Vinayaka) and its ruling planet is Rahu.  It is believed to remove all obstacles and aberrations and bring success in all the endeavors.

85. Ashtadiggaja – Sri Krishna Devaraaya the great emperor of Vijayanagara dynasty had in his court eight great poets who were known as Ashtadiggajas. They were: Allasani Peddana; Nandi Thimmana; Maadayaagari Mallana; Dhoorjati; Pingali Soorana; Ramaraja Bhooshana; Ayyalaraju Raamabhadrudu; and Tenali Ramakrishna.

29. ASTANGAYOGA(S). Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dhyana, Dharana and Samadhi.

(1)Yama – That which prevents the yogis from doing prohibited things –  Ahirhsa, Satya, Asteya, Brahmacarya and Aparigraha are yamas.

(2)Niyama – Actions leading to Moksa. They are: (1) SAUCA – Cleanliness of the mind cleaning it of such bad qualities like jealousy. (2) TAPAS – Indifference (Samatvabhava) to the pairs of opposites like pleasure and pain, heat and cold etc. (3) Svadhyaya – pursuit of the science of salvation chanting of OM. (4) SANTOSA – remaining happy and contented. (5) ISVARA-PRANIDHANA – surrendering all actions to God.

(3) Asana. Postures of sitting firmly and comfortably. Of the many asanas the very prominent ones are : Svastikasana, Virasana, Padmasana, Siddhasana, Vastrasana, Vyaghracarmasana, Valkalasana, Kusasana, Krsnasana, Vistarasani, Mayurasana and Kurmasana. Of these Siddhasana is considered to be the best of the lot. This asana strengthens the 72,000 nerves of the human system and all the yogis prefer this to any other.

4) Pranayama – Control of Prana (Prana is the life giving breath and ayama is the checking of it) – Select an airy place and be seated in an ordinary asana facing north or east after taking your early morning bath. Sit erect with your breast slightly pushed forward and your head slightly drawn back. Then complete one Pranayama doing Puraka, Kumbhaka and Recaka.

Closing the right nostril by the thumb of the right hand and inhaling air inside through the left nostril taking 16 seconds is called Puraka. Closing the nostrils by the thumb and ring-finger arid keeping the breath for 64 seconds is called Kumbhaka. Closing the left nostril well and then exhaling through the right nostril taking 32 seconds is called Recaka. Purakas should be done through the same nostril through which you have done Recaka. (You must do at least ten Pranayamas at a time) .

5) Pratyahara – Withdrawing the mind from worldly objects and sensuous pleasures.

6) Dhyana – Keeping your mind fixed on the tip of your nose. (Meditation)

7) Dharana – Steadily thinking of things you should know (Concentration.)

8) Samadhi – The union of mind with God. This is a blissful superconscious state in which one perceives the identity of the individualised soul and cosmic spirit. (Yogabhyasa).

30. ASTAPRAMANAS – Eight means of getting correct knowledge. Pratyaksa, Anumana, Upamana, Sabda (Agama), Arthapatti, Anupalabdhi (Abhava) Sambhava, Aitihya.

31. ASTARAGAS – Raga, Dvesa, Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Matsarya. Raga – Desire for sensuous pleasures. Dvesa – Desire to seek vengeance on those who have offended you. Kama – Desire for worldly possessions. Krodha – Anger, Lobha – Miserliness. Moha – Delusion. Mada – Pride. Matsarya – Jealousy.

32. ASTAKARANA(S) – Manas (mind), Buddhi (intelligence), Citta (thought), Ahankara (egotism), Sankalpa in the mind (imagination) , determination, pride from egotism and Avadharana in Citta.

33. ASTAKASTA(S) –  Kama (lust), Krodha (anger), Lobha (greed), Moha (delusion), Mada (arrogance), Matsarya (rivalry), Dambha (pride) and Asuya (jealousy).

34. ASTAKOPAVYASANA (S) . (1) Paisunya (2) Sahasa (3) Droha (5) Irsya (5) Asuya (6) Arthadusana (7) Vagdanda and (8) Parusya.

35. ASTAKUMBHA(S) – Suryabheda, Ujjayi, Silkkari, Sitali, Bhastika, Bhramari, Murccha and Plavini. All these have to be practised by students of Yoga.

36. Ashtangas – Eight parts of a court – the law, the judge, assessors, scribe, astrologer, gold, fire and water.

37 – Ashtangargya – an offering of eight articles – water, milk, kusa grass, curd, ghee, rice, barley and mustard.

38. Ashtakshari mantra – Om Namo Narayana is the main ashtakshari mantra.

39. Astapasas – Eight bonds which obstructs our spiritual progress. They are pity, bashfulness, fear, doubt, aversion, family conduct and birth(caste).

40. Astasiddhis – Supernatural power that accrues to a person who practices yoga. They are anima(power to assume minute forms), mahima(power to expand to huge proportions, garima (power to grow heavy, laghima(power to become weightless), prapti(capacity to obtain even the most difficult things), prakamya(having irresistible will), isitrtva(perfect mastery over body, senses and capacity to create or destroy outside objects) and vasitva(full control over the movement of physical objects).

41.Ashtachoornam – an ayurvedic medicine prepared using eight ingradients. They are zingiber officinale (sunti), piper nigrum (maricha), piper longum (pippali),carum roxburghianum (ajamoda), cuminum cyminum (jeeraka), carom bulbocastanum (krishna jeeraka), Rock salt, ferula asafoetida (hingu).

42. Ashtadravyam –  eight sacred puja items that are offered to Lord Ganesha during the special puja known as Ashta Dravya Mahaganapathy Homam. The eight sacred things that are part of the Ashtadravya are: Coconuts, Molasses, Sesame Oil, Sugarcane, Lemon, Rice flakes Banana Rice. In some places Ashta Dravya are Dried coconut, puffed rice, jaggery, banana (kadali plantain), honey, sesame, sugarcane and fried paddy of rice. For some communities Ashtadravya are Coconut, Banana, Honey, Sugarcane, Ghee, Modhaka, Jaggery, Puffed rice.

43. The Ashta-Nayika – is a collective name for eight types of nayikas or heroines as classified by Bharata in Natya Shastra. The eight nayikas represent eight different states (avastha) in relationship to her hero or nayaka. The eight nayikas are: 1.Vasakasajja Nayika- “one dressed up for union” 2.Virahotkanthita Nayika – “one distressed by separation” 3.Svadhinabhartruka Nayika – “one having her husband in subjection” 4.Kalahantarita Nayika – “one separated by quarrel” 5.Khandita Nayika – “one enraged with her lover” 6.Vipralabdha Nayika – “one deceived by her lover” 7.Proshitabhartruka Nayika – “one with a sojourning husband” 8.Abhisarika Nayika – “one going to meet her lover”

44. Ashtapushpam – There are eight flowers renowned as Ashtapushpam much preferred for the worship of the Lord. They are arugu, chanbakam, punnakam, nandhiyavattai, padhiri, brugati, arali  and thumbai. Philosophically speaking there are 8 Flowers that is ideal for GOD worship. They are Ahimsa prathamam pushpam (Non-violence is the First Flower), Pushpam Indriya Nigraham (Control of the senses is the Second Flower) Sarva Bhootha Daya Pushpam (Being Kind towards all the living beings is the Third Flower) Kshama Pushpam Visheshataha (Forgiving is the real special Flower – the Fourth Offering), Shanthi Pushpam (Peace is the Fifth Flower), Tapah Pushpam (Penance is the Sixth Flower), Dhyanah Pushpam (Meditation is the Seventh Flower) and Sathyam Ashta Vidha Pushpam (Truth is the Eighth Flower)

45. Ashta-bharya(s) – Eight principal wives of Lord Krishna: Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati, Kalindi, Mitravinda, Nagnajiti, Bhadra and Lakshmana.

46. Ashtabhogani – One can have eight types of enjoyment from land ownership. They are (1) nidhi – treasure troves, (2) nikshepa – deposits or accumulation of the soil, (3) jala – fishing rights in the waters, (4) pashana – quarrying rights in the hills, (5) akshini – actual income, (6) agami – future income, (7) siddha – income from land already under cultivation, (8) sadhya – land that may be bought under cultivation in future.

47. Ashtamangala Gruta –  An ayurvedic medicine prepared using these eight ingradients. 1.Patola (Tricosanthes dioica) 2, Sariva (Hemidesmus  indicus) 3. Mustha   (Cyperus rotundus) 4. Madhuka (Glycerrhiza glabra) 5. Katukarohini (Pichrorhiza  kurroa) 6. Usira(Vetivera zizanoides) 7. Chandana (Santalum album ) 8. Pippali (Piper longum). All these items are prepared in cow’s ghee and water.

48. Ashtarasa – Bharata Muni classifies the Rasa under eight categories (ashtarasa) and gives the corresponding Bhava which gives rise to the rasa. These are known as Sthayi Bhava or pervading stable emotion. They are rati(love), hasa(mirth), shoka(grief), krodha(anger), utsaha(heroism), bhaya(fear), jugupsa(disgust), and vismaya(wonder). The corresponding eight Rasa are sringara(amorous), hasya(humorous), karuna(pathetic), raudra(furious), vira(valorous), bhayanaka(horrific), bibhatsa(repugnant), and adbhuta(wondrous).

Eight – Every number has a certain power which is expressed both by its symbol to denote its representation and by its connection to universal principles. Numbers have relationships with all things in nature, thus making them supremely powerful symbolic expressions.

Eight represents eternity and infinity. In fact in mathematics the symbol for infinity is the number 8 laid down. Eight is considered a lucky number in Chinese culture because it sounds like the word meaning to generate wealth. So is in Hindu culture as Goddess Lakshmi has eight forms.

In Numerology the symbolism backing number Eight deals largely with business, success, and wealth. This is due to the fact that eight represents continuation, repetition, and cycles. Such elements are seen in arenas where success is obtained simply because of dogged determination and repetition. Also, matters of business and wealth largely depend on cycles to fulfill their manifestation. It’s like the snowball analogy: As it continues to roll, in gets bigger and bigger with each revolution. Eight represents that kind of momentum.

  1. ASTABANDHA. A kind of plaster used for fixing idols in temples. The following eight things are mixed and ground consecutively for forty-one days and made ready to be put in the cavity around the idol when it is fixed there finally, (1) conch-powder (2) powdered myrobalam (3) resin (4) Kolipparal (a kind of rock) (5) river sand (6) powder of emblic myrobalam (7) lac and (8) cotton.
  2. ASTABHARYA – The eight wives of Sri Krishna. (1) Rukmini (2) Jambavati (3) Satyabhama (4)kalindi (5) Mitravinda (6) Satya (7) Bhadra and (8) Laksana.
  3. ASTABUDDHIGUNA – Eight qualities of the intellect. Susrusa, Sravana, Grahana, Dharana, Uha, Apoha, Arthavijnana, and Tattvajnana.
  4. ASTACURNA – A mixture of eight powders. The eight things are : Cukku (dry ginger), Mulaku (chilli), Tippali (long pepper), Ayamodaka (celery seed), Jiraka (baraway seed) Karimjiraka (black caraway seed) Intuppu (sodium chloride) and Kayam (asafoetida).
  5. ASTADHARMAMARGA – Eight ways of attaining  moksa  – Yaga, Vedabhyasa, Dana, Tapas, Satya, Ksama, Daya, lack of desire.
  6. ASTADHATU – Eight minerals : gold, silver, copper, tin, zinc, black lead, iron and mercury.
  7. ASTADIGGAJAS and ASTADIKKARlNlS – There are eight male and eight female elephants standing guard over the eight zones. They are :

Zone                           Male                                     Female

East                           Airavata                                 Abhramu

South-east                 Pundarika                               Kapila

South                          Vamana                              Pirigala

South-west                 Kumuda                              Anupama

West                             Anjana                          Tamrakarm

North-west                    Puspadanta                    Subhradanti

North                          Sarvabhauma                     Angana

North-east                   Supratika                       Anjanavati

Besides these, there are four dig-gajas (elephants of the universe) who bear the earth standing below in the nether world. It is stated that the sons of Sagara who went into the nether land in search of the lost horse of his father saw these elephants. As they went to the east they saw the huge elephant Virupaksa, holding the earth on its head. It is said an earthquake occurs when for a change it shakes its head. Going to the left of it they saw the elephant Mahapadmasama holding the earth on its head on the south. Going again to the left of it they saw Saumanasa holding the earth on its head on the west and going to the left of it on the north they saw Bhadra holding the earth on its head.

  1. ASTADIK – (Eight zones) – East, South-east, South, South-west, West, North-west, North and North-east.
  2. ASTADIKPALAKA – Situated in the eight different zones of the Brahmaloka are eight big cities of the eight guardians of these zones each covering an area of 2500 yojanas. All these are on the top of Mahameru and Brahma sits in the center in his city called Manovatl. Around his city are the others as follows :

(1) On the east is AmaravatI, city of Indra.

(2) On South-east is TejovatI, city of Agni.

(3) On the South is Samyamani, city of Yama.

(4) On the South-west is Krsnanjana, city of Nirrti.

(5) On the West is Sraddhavati, city of Varuna.

(6) On the North-west is Gandhavati, city of Vayu.

(7) On the North is Mahodaya, city of Kubera.

(8) On the North-east is Yasovatl, city of Siva.

11. ASTADRAVYA – Eight substances of great medicinal value –  (1) Arayal, (Asvattha Fig tree) (2) Atti (Udumbara Keg tree) (3) Plasu (Palasa Downy branch butea) (4) Peral (Vata-Banyan tree) (5) Camata (6) Ellu (Sesame) (7) Vayasa (Krsnaguru) cedar tree (8) Ghee.

12. ASTADUTAGUNA – The eight qualities of a good messenger. (1) He should not stand perplexed when he is being given the message to carry. (2) He must be smart and enthusiastic. (3) He must have compassion for those in distress. (4) He must run his errand quickly. (5) He must be mild. (6) He should not be duped by the cunning words of others. (7) He must be healthy. (8) He must be able to talk convincingly.

13. ASTAGANDHA – Akil (Eaglewood), Candana (Sandal), Guggulu (Indian Bdellium), Manci (JatamamsI-Spikenard) Kuiikuma (saffron) , Kotta(Kustta-bostus root), Ramacca (Usiram-Sweet rush), Iruveli (Valaka).

14. ASTAGUNA – (1) Bhutadaya, Ksama, Anasuya, Gaurava, Anayasa, Mangala, Akarpanya and Asprha.

(2) Buddhibala, Kulasuddhi, Sama, Learning, Parakrama, Mitabhasana, Dana and Krtajnata.

(3) Absence of Jealousy, Rjutva, Sucitva, Santosa, Bhasanabharigi, Sama, Satya, Sthairya.

15. ASTAKARANA – Manas (mind), Buddhi (intelligence), Citta (thought), Ahankara (egotism ), Sankalpa in the mind (imagination) , determination, pride from egotism and Avadharana in Citta.

17. ASTAKASTA – Kama (lust), Krodha (anger), Lobha (greed), Moha (delusion), Mada (arrogance), Matsarya (rivalry), Dambha (pride) and Asuya (jealousy).

18.ASTAKOPAVYASANA – (1) Paisunya (2) Sahasa (3) Droha (5) Irsya (5) Asuya (6) Arthadusana (7) Vagdanda and (8) Parusya.

19. ASTAKUMBHA – Suryabheda, Ujjayi, Silkkari, Sitali, Bhastika, Bhramari, Murccha and Plavinl. All these have to be practiced by students of Yoga.

20. ASTALOHA  – Eight metals. 1. Suvarnam – Gold. 2. Rajatam – Silver. 3. Tamram – Copper. 4. Sisakam – Lead,  5. Kantikam – Mercury, 6. Vamsam – Vamgam, TIU,  7. Lauham – Iron,

8. Tiksnalauham – Steel.

21. ASTAMANGALA – (A) Brahmins, bow, Fire, gold, ghee, Sun, water arid King. (B) Lion, bull, elephant, pitcher, camara, flag, trumpet and lamp.

22. ASTAMANGALYA. – 1.Kurava (2) Darpana (3)Dipa (4) Kalasa (5) Vastra (6) Aksatam (7) Angana (8) Svarna.

23. ASTAMANOGUNA – (1) Paratva (2) Aparatva (3) Samkhya (4) Parimana (5) Prthakta (6) Sam-yoga (7) Vibhaga (8) Vega.’

26. ASTAMCRTI(S) – Earth, Water, Air, Fire, Ether, Hota, Sun and Moon.

27. ASTANAGA(S) – Eight snakes. Vasuki; Taksa, Karkotaka, Sarhkha, Gulika, Padma, Mahapadma and Ananta.

28. ASTANGAHRDAYA. The medical science which deals in eight separate division the treatment of the human body. (1) Sarlra (2) Bala (3) Graha (4) Urddhvanga (5) Salya (6) Darhsfra (7) Jara and (8) Vrsa. Bala – Body which has not attained maturity; Graha – External elements which damage the health of infants; Salya – extraneous substance lodged in the body; Vrsa – The seminal fluid.


Symbolism in Numbers – 5 ( Contd..)

  • Panca prasada – a temple with 4 pinnacles and a steeple.
  • Panca bala – the 5 forces or strengths – faith, energy, recollection, self-concentration and reason.
  • Pancavadi – places where these 5 trees are present – Aswatha, Bilva, Vata, Dhatri and Asoka.
  • Panca valkala – a collection of the bark of 5 kinds of trees – Nyagrodha, Udumbara, Aswatha, Plaksha and Vetasa.
  • Pancamruta – In Hindu temples, the deities are offered food made of five sweet items called ‘panchamruta’ Viz Milk, Yogurt, Butter, Honey and Sugar.
  • Pancamlum – the aggregate of 5 acid plants – the jujube, pomegranate, sorrel, spondias and citron.
  • Panca vriksha – 5 divine trees found in heaven – Mandara, Parijata, Samtana, Kalpavriksha and Haricandana.
  • Panca Pitta – the gall or bile of 5 animals – boar, goat, buffalo, fish and peacock.
  • Panca loham – An alloy containing 5 metals – copper, brass, tin, gold and silver.
  • Panca kolam – 5 spices used to cook delicacies – long pepper, its root, piper chaba, plumbago and dry ginger.
  • Panca gavyam – 5 products of cow – milk, coagulated or sour milk, butter, urine and dung.
  • Panca devata – the 5 main Gods of Hinduism – Vishnu, Siva, Devi, Ganapati and Sun.
  • Punjab – place where 5 rivers flow – Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum.
  • Panca Neerajanam – special prayer using these 5 things to ward off evil spirits – lamp, lotus, cloth, mango and betel leaves.
  • Christianity – There are traditionally Five Wounds of Jesus Christ in Christianity: the Scourging at the Pillar, the Crowning with Thorns, the wounds in Christ’s hands, the wounds in Christ’s feet, and the Side Wound of Christ.
  • The book of Psalms is arranged into five books, paralleling the Five Books of Moses.
  • The Five Pillars of Islam – are five basic acts in Islam, considered mandatory by believers and are the foundation of Muslim life. They are summarized in the famous hadith of Gabriel. They make up Muslim life, prayer, concern for the needy, self-purification and the pilgrimage. They are:
    • Shahadah: declaring there is no god except God, and Muhammad is God’s Messenger
    • Salat: ritual prayer five times a day
    • Sawm: fasting and self-control during the blessed month of Ramadan
    • Zakat: giving 2.5% of one’s savings to the poor and needy
    • Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime if he/she is able to do
  • The Khamsa – an ancient symbol shaped like a hand with five fingers, is used as a protective amulet by Jews; that same symbol is also very popular in Arabic culture, known to protect from envy and the evil eye.
  • The Torah contains five books—Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy—which are collectively called the Five Books of Moses, the Pentateuch (Greek for “five containers,” referring to the scroll cases in which the books were kept), or Humash ( Hebrew for “fifth”).
  • Panj Kakar – The five sacred Sikh symbols prescribed by Guru Gobind Singh are commonly known as Panj Kakars or the ‘Five Ks’ because they start with letter K representing Kakka in the Punjabi language/Gurmukhi Script. They are: Kesh (unshorn hair), Kangha (the comb), Kara (the steel bracelet), Kachhehra (the soldiers shorts), and Kirpan (the sword) [in Gurmukhi. Also, there are five deadly evils: Kam (lust), Krodh (anger), Moh (attachment), Lobh (greed), and Ankhar (ego).
  • Hanuman – According to scriptures Anjaneya has five faces (Pancha Mukha) and ten weapons. The five faces are that of Lord Hanuman, Lord Narasimha, Lord Adivaraha, Lord Hayagriva, and Lord Garuda.
  • In Kamba Ramayanam (in Tamil), the significance of number five is beautifully narrated as follows: The son of one of the five (son of wind – that is Pavana Thanaya), crossed one of the five (water – the ocean), through one of the five (sky), met daughter of one of the five (daughter of the earth – Sita Devi), burnt down Lanka by one of the five (fire). Here five means the five elements.
  • The five commandments of Buddha Gautama: You will not kill; you will not steal; you will not be impudic; you will not lie; you will not drink intoxicating liquors. Buddhism distinguishes also five great evils: the ignorance, the anger, the desire, the malevolence and the envy.
  • The five commandments of the Church: to sanctify the feast-days, to assist the mass on Sunday and the feast-days, to confess his sins at least once a year, to receive the communion at least during Easter, and to pay the tithe to the Church – instead of that, others versions speak about the respect of the obligatory fast-days. The Church recommends also five acts to believers before the Communion: the act of faith, love, humility, desire and hope.
  • The visions of the saints are classified according to five categories: beatific or intuitive vision, “abstract” vision, intellectual vision, imaginary vision and the corporal vision.
  • The Greeks philosophers admitted five principles in the man: body, animal soul, psyche, intelligence and divine spirit.
  • The five oceans (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic and Antarctic) with the five parts of the geographical world: Europe, Asia, Africa, America, Oceania.
  • In numerology there are five core numbers:
  • Olympic symbol – The Olympic Games have five interlocked rings as their symbol, representing the number of inhabited continents represented by the Olympians (counting North America and South America as one continent).
  • Cars – 5 is the most common number of gears for automobiles with manual transmission.
  • Radio – In radio communication, the term “Five by five” is used to indicate perfect signal strength and clarity.
  • Quintuplets – Five babies born at one time are quintuplets.
  • United Nations – The number of permanent members with veto power on the United Nations Security Council.
  • Basketball – The number of players of a basketball team on the court at a given time. The number 5 is used to represent the position of center.
  • Telephone – the 5 on a telephone keypad is usually distinguished by raised dots on or around it to aid in navigating the thumb when dialing.           
  • Tarot cards – In the Tarot, the fifth card is the Heirophant, the Priest.  Many interpret the Heirophant as Chiron, the Wounded Healer.  Chiron is “an image of that part of us which reaches upward toward the spirit in order to understand what is required of us by God. Heirophant is a priest who establishes a link between the world and the understanding of God’s laws. 
  • There are five arms on a regular starfish.
  • An earthworm has five hearts (aortic arch).