Dronacharya, the Guru for both Pandavas and Kauravas and later the Commander in Chief of the Kaurava army during the war had special love for Arjuna. This had a significant impact on the Mahabharata war and influenced certain critical events. Here are some aspects of how Dronacharya’s love for Arjuna impacted the war outcome:

Partiality in Training: From the beginning, Arjuna displayed an unmatched dedication to mastering archery, practicing diligently day and night. Dronacharya was impressed by Arjuna’s commitment and promised that he would make him the greatest archer in the world. Thereafter Arjuna received special attention, learning advanced skills and celestial weapons that were not taught to the other Kaurava princes. While this partiality may have strengthened Arjuna’s capabilities, it also sowed seeds of resentment among the Kauravas, particularly Duryodhana, who felt a sense of injustice.

Ekalavya’s Guru Dakshina: When Ekalavya, a self-taught archer, appeared to rival Arjuna’s skill, Dronacharya asked for Ekalavya’s right thumb as a guru Dakshina, knowing this would impair his archery skills. This controversial action underscored Drona’s commitment to keeping his promise to Arjuna, ensuring he remained unmatched as an archer. This incident, while showcasing Drona’s favouritism, also highlights the complexities of their relationship. This also deprived Duryodhana another formidable ally to fight Pandavas in the war.

Dronacharya’s Dilemma in Fighting Arjuna: As the war unfolded, Dronacharya faced a moral dilemma when he had to fight against Arjuna, his beloved disciple. This internal conflict influenced Dronacharya’s decisions on the battlefield, causing hesitation and reluctance to use his full strength against Arjuna.

Impact on Kaurava Morale: Dronacharya’s affection for Arjuna and his perceived favouritism contributed to a sense of disillusionment among the Kaurava warriors. The realization that their commander had emotional ties with the enemy added to the challenges faced by the Kaurava army. This disillusionment may have affected the overall morale of the Kauravas, creating an environment conducive to the eventual success of the Pandavas.

In summary, Drona’s love for Arjuna had a profound impact on the outcome of the Mahabharata war. While it showcased his affection and admiration for his favourite pupil, it also influenced his decisions and actions on the battlefield, sometimes to the detriment of the Kaurava cause. Drona’s emotional vulnerability and favouritism towards Arjuna contributed to strategic setbacks and ultimately led to his downfall in the war.

Impact of Dronacharya’s favouritism towards Arjuna in the War

Dronacharya’s favouritism toward Arjuna had significant and multifaceted impacts on the events leading up to and during the Mahabharata war. Here are some key ways in which this favouritism influenced the epic:

1. Creation of Rivalries and Resentments

Karna’s Enmity: Karna’s exclusion from Dronacharya’s training sessions, despite his immense talent, fostered deep resentment towards Arjuna and the Pandavas. This enmity drove Karna to ally with Duryodhana and become one of the primary antagonists in the war.

Ekalavya’s Sacrifice: Ekalavya, a talented archer, was forced to sacrifice his thumb as a result of Dronacharya’s partiality to Arjuna. This act of favouritism not only deprived Ekalavya of his potential but also highlighted the societal and ethical dilemmas surrounding merit and privilege.

2. Development of Arjuna’s Skills

Exceptional Training: Dronacharya’s special attention and rigorous training of Arjuna made him an unparalleled archer and warrior. Arjuna’s skills were crucial in numerous battles and his prowess was instrumental in many key victories for the Pandavas during the war.

Confidence and Leadership: Arjuna’s confidence in his abilities, bolstered by Dronacharya’s favouritism, helped him emerge as a natural leader among the Pandavas. His leadership was vital in strategizing and executing complex battle plans during the war.

3. Impact on Dronacharya’s Allegiances

Conflict of Interest: Dronacharya’s favouritism towards Arjuna created a conflict of interest during the war. Despite his role as the commander of the Kaurava army, his deep affection for Arjuna sometimes influenced his decisions on the battlefield.

Reluctance in Battle: There were instances where Dronacharya’s personal feelings for Arjuna and the Pandavas caused hesitation in his actions, impacting the effectiveness of the Kaurava army.

4. Strategic Outcomes in the War

Tactical Superiority: Arjuna’s exceptional skills, honed under Dronacharya’s guidance, gave the Pandavas a tactical advantage in many battles. His ability to face and defeat formidable warriors like Bhishma, Karna, and Jayadratha played a crucial role in the eventual victory of the Pandavas.

Moral and Psychological Impact: Arjuna’s prowess and the respect he commanded on the battlefield often demoralized the Kaurava forces. His reputation as Dronacharya’s favourite and most skilled disciple added to the psychological pressure on the Kauravas.

5. Ethical and Moral Questions

Questionable Ethics: Dronacharya’s favouritism raised ethical questions about fairness and justice. It highlighted the issues of bias and partiality in education and mentorship, reflecting the broader societal inequalities of the time.

Perpetuation of Conflict: The resentment and divisions caused by Dronacharya’s favouritism contributed to the larger conflict between the Pandavas and Kauravas, ultimately culminating in the war.


Dronacharya’s favouritism toward Arjuna had profound and far-reaching impacts on the Mahabharata war. It shaped rivalries, influenced strategic outcomes, and raised significant ethical questions. Arjuna’s exceptional skills, developed under Dronacharya’s mentorship, were crucial in the Pandavas’ victory, but the favouritism also contributed to underlying resentments and conflicts that fuelled the war. The story underscores the complex interplay of personal relationships, merit, and ethical considerations in shaping historical and epic narratives.

Repercussions of nepotism and favouritism in any organizations

Nepotism and favouritism can have significant negative repercussions in any organization. Here are some key consequences:

1. Decreased Morale and Motivation

Employee Discontent: When employees perceive that promotions and rewards are based on personal relationships rather than merit, it can lead to widespread dissatisfaction.

Reduced Motivation: High-performing employees may feel undervalued and lose motivation to excel if they believe their efforts will not be recognized or rewarded fairly.

2. Lower Productivity and Performance

Inefficiency: Favouritism often results in placing less qualified individuals in positions of responsibility, leading to poor decision-making and reduced overall efficiency.

Skill Mismatch: Positions filled based on relationships rather than skills can lead to mismatches, where employees are unable to meet the demands of their roles effectively.

3. High Turnover Rates

Employee Turnover: Talented employees are likely to leave an organization where they feel opportunities are unfairly distributed, leading to high turnover rates.

Loss of Talent: This turnover results in the loss of valuable skills and institutional knowledge, which can be costly and time-consuming to replace.

4. Erosion of Trust and Team Cohesion

Distrust Among Employees: Favouritism breeds distrust and resentment among employees, eroding team cohesion and collaboration.

Workplace Tensions: It can create a hostile work environment where employees are divided into factions and are less willing to work together effectively.

5. Damage to Organizational Culture

Negative Culture: A culture of nepotism and favouritism undermines principles of fairness and meritocracy, leading to a toxic work environment.

Ethical Decline: Such practices can erode ethical standards within the organization, encouraging further unethical behaviour.

6. Impaired Organizational Reputation

Reputation Risk: Organizations known for nepotism and favouritism may struggle to attract top talent, as their reputation for fairness and equal opportunity is tarnished.

Stakeholder Distrust: Customers, partners, and investors may lose trust in the organization’s ability to operate fairly and effectively.

7. Legal and Compliance Issues

Legal Repercussions: In some jurisdictions, nepotism and favouritism can lead to legal challenges, particularly if they result in discriminatory practices.

Regulatory Scrutiny: Organizations may face increased scrutiny from regulatory bodies concerned with fair employment practices.

8. Stagnation and Innovation Hindrance

Innovation Stifling: When promotions and rewards are not based on merit, innovative ideas from deserving employees may be overlooked, stifling creativity and progress.

Lack of Diverse Perspectives: Favouritism can result in a homogenous leadership team that lacks diverse perspectives, which are critical for innovation and problem-solving.


The repercussions of nepotism and favouritism in organizations are profound and far-reaching. They can lead to decreased morale, reduced productivity, high turnover rates, erosion of trust, damage to organizational culture, impaired reputation, legal issues, and hindered innovation. To foster a healthy, productive, and ethical workplace, it is crucial for organizations to implement fair and transparent policies that reward merit and ensure equal opportunities for all employees.