20. Upacaras. – There are ten articles of worship: (1) Arghya (oblation of valuables ) (2) Padya ( water for washing feet) (3) Acamana (water for cleansing mouth) (4) Madhuparka (a mixture of honey with four other sweet articles) (5) Punaracamana (water for cleansing mouth again) (6) Gandha (Sandal paste) (7) Puspa (flowers) (8) Dhupa (frankincense) (9) Dipa (light) (10) Nivedya (articles of food offerings).

21. Upanisads – There are many Upanisads of which only 108 ones are in print; of these the most important are ten in number and they are the following : (1) Isavasya (2) Kena (3) Katha (4) Prasna (5) Munda (6) Mandukya (7) Chandogya (8) Taittiriya (9) Aitareya (10) Brhadaranyaka.

22. A collection of ten items (most often ten years) is called a decade.

23. Decathlon, a combined event in athletics consisting of ten track and field events.

24. In football, the number 10 is traditionally worn by the team’s playmaker.

25. In basketball: the top of the rim (goal) is 10 feet from the floor. In standard full-court basketball, there are 10 players on the court (5 on each team).

26. In cricket, 10 is the number of wickets required to be taken by the bowling side for the batting side to be bowled out.

27. In ten-pin bowling, 10 pins are arranged in a triangular pattern and there are 10 frames per game.

28. Counting from one to ten before speaking is often done in order to cool one’s temper.

29. British Prime Minister lives in house number 10 Downing Street.

30. If a number ends with a zero it is exactly divisible by ten.

31. We have ten digits on our hands, and ten is the base of our number system: the decimal system. The Roman symbol for ten is X, perhaps representing two crossed hands. (Or two 5(V in Roman) put together).

32. Deca- means ten. So a decade is ten years, a decagon has ten sides and a crab is a decapod because it has ten feet. The Decalogue is a name for the biblical Ten Commandments.

33. Ten key attributes for business success – Leadership, confidence, optimism, energy, independence, creative power, success, original, adaptable, individualization and determination.

34. The number 10 relates to the Wheel of Life in the Tarot deck.  It is the first digit with the zero in the scale of vibrations and endows the individuals with extra vitality.  They may use this vitality to earn the crown of attainment and to maintain the symbol of wholeness.

35. Represent the Creator (0) and the creation (1).

36. The ten plagues of Egypt sent by God by the intermediary of Moses, according to the Bible: the water changed into blood, the frogs, the midges, the big flies, the plague on the animals, the epidemic of ulcer and tumours, the hail and the thunder, the grasshoppers, the three darkness days, finally the death of the firstborns in each Egyptian family.

37. Ten mahavidyas – The name Mahavidyas comes from the Sanskrit roots, with maha meaning ‘great’ and vidya meaning, ‘revelation, manifestation, knowledge, or wisdom. Shaktas believe, “the one Truth is sensed in ten different facets; the Divine Mother is adored and approached as ten cosmic personalities,” The Mahavidyas are considered Tantric in nature, and are usually identified as:

1.Kali – The ultimate form of Brahman, “Devourer of Time” (Supreme Deity of Kalikula systems)

2.Tara – The Goddess as Guide and Protector, or Who Saves.Who offers the ultimate knowledge which gives salvation (also known as Neel Saraswati).

3.Tripura Sundari (Shodashi) – The Goddess Who is “Beautiful in the Three Worlds” (Supreme Deity of Srikula systems); the “Tantric Parvati” or the “Moksha Mukta”.

4.Bhuvaneshvari – The Goddess as World Mother, or Whose Body is the Cosmos

5.Bhairavi – The Fierce Goddess

6.Chhinnamasta – The self-decapitated Goddess[5]

7.Dhumavati – The Widow Goddess,or the Goddess of death.

8.Bagalamukhi – The Goddess Who Paralyzes Enemies

9.Matangi – the Prime Minister of Lalita (in Srikula systems); the “Tantric Saraswati”

10.Kamala – The Lotus Goddess; the “Tantric Lakshmi”

38. Ten Golden rules – Living the good life doesn’t require a lot of money. “The Ten Golden Rules” condenses the wisdom of the ancient Greeks into 10 memorable and easy-to-understand rules that, if lived by, can enable modern readers to have rich, meaningful lives. They are (1). Examine life (2). Worry only …about those things under your control (3). Treasure friendship (4). Experience true pleasure (5).Master yourself, (6). Avoid excess (7). Be a responsible human being (8). Don’t be a prosperous fool (9). Don’t do evil to others (10). Kindness to others tends to be rewarded

39. Ten is the highest score possible in Olympic competitions called “perfect ten”.

40. The Richter scale is measured in tenfold increase of energy. The Richter scale measures the strength of earthquakes. It is named after Charles Richter who developed the scale.Using this scale an earthquake with 7 points is ten times more powerful than an earthquake with 6 points.An earthquake with colossal 10 points on the Richter scale has never been recorded. Earthquakes at 6 and above are considered to be serious and can cause a lot of damage.

41.  There are ten Sikh Gurus – 1 Guru Nanak 2 Guru Angad 3 Guru Amar Das 4 Guru Ram Das 5 Guru Arjan 6 Guru Har Gobind 7 Guru Har Rai 8 Guru Har Krishan 9 Guru Tegh Bahadur 10 Guru Gobind. Guru Granth Sahib is considered as Guru these days.

42. Dasa mutrika – Urine of these 10 – elephant, buffalo, camel, cow, goat, sheep, horse, donkey, man and woman.

43. Dasabala (The ten power of Buddhas) – The first power (Sthanasthana Jnanabala) of the Buddhas is perfect knowledge of the appropriate and inappropriate. The second power (Karmavipaka Jnanabala) is knowing the fruition of actions which means knowing the workings of karma. The third power (Nana adhimukti Jnanabala) is knowing the degree of intelligence of beings. The fourth (Nanadhatu Jnanabala) is knowing the various temperaments of beings. The fifth power (Indriyaparaqpara Jnanabala) is the knowledge of the interests of beings. The sixth power (Sarvatragamipratipatha Jnanabala) is the knowledge of the path which leads everywhere. The seventh power (Sarvadhyana vimoksa samadhi samapatti samklesa vyavadana vyavasthana Jnanabala)  is knowing meditative stability without any defilement. The eighth power (Purvanivasanusmrti Jnanabali) is remembering former states. The ninth power (Cyutyupaptti Jnanabala) is divine vision which provides knowledge of the future. The tenth power (Asrava ksaya Jnanabala) is the knowledge of the pacification of all impurities.

44, Dasa Kamajavyasana – The tenfold vices springing from love of pleasure – Hunting, gambling, sleeping by day, censoriousness, (excess with) women, drunkenness, (an inordinate love for) dancing, singing, and music, and useless travel are the tenfold set (of vices) springing from love of pleasure.

45. Dashlakshana – These are the ten Lakshana of Dharma: Uttam Kshama (forbearance), Uttam Mardava (gentleness), Uttam Aarjava (uprightness), Uttam Satya (truth), Uttam Shauch (purity), Uttam Sanyam (restraint), Uttam Tap (austerity), Uttam Tyaga (renunciation), Uttam Aakinchanya (lack of possession) and Uttam Brahmcharya (chastity), as described by Umaswati in Tattvartha Sutra.

 

 

Number 10 was the Pythagorean symbol of perfection or completeness. Humans have ten fingers and ten toes. Counting on fingers probably led to the decimal number system, with its symbols 0–9 and its place values.

1. The ten books on rhetorics. (Alankaragranthas) (1) The Sahityadarpana of Visvanatha (2) The Kavyadarsa of Dandi (3) Kavyaprakasa of Manmata (4) Dasarupaka of Dhananjaya (5) Kavyalankarasutravrtti of Vamana (6) Sarasvatikanthabharana of Bhojadeva (7) Alankarasarvasva of Bhamaha (8) Alankarakaustubha of Kavikarnapuraka (9) Kuvalayananda of Appaya Diksita (10) Candraloka of Jayadeva.

2. Ten Indriyas. (Organs of sense) – There are ten organs of sense comprising five Jnanendriyas and five Karmendriyas.

3. Ten Commandments – The commandments of Christ are ten in number. (1 )There is no other God but Yehova. (2) Do not install idols and worship them. (3) Do not use God’s name vainly. (4) Do not do work on the Sabbath day but observe that day as sacred.(5) Respect your parents. (6) Do not kill. (7) Do not commit adultery. (8) Do not steal. (9) Do not give false evidence. (10) Do not desire for others’ possessions.

4. The ten Kamavasthas – (1) Abhilasa (desire). (2) Cintana (Reflection). (3) Smrti (remembrance). (4) Gunakathana (Talking about the good qualities). (5) Udyoga (effort) (6) Pralapa (gabble) (7) Unmada (madness) (8) Vyadhi (disease) (9) Jadata (slothfulness) (10) Marana (death).

5. The ten gunas – The good qualities are ten in number. (1) Satya (truth) (2) Vinaya (modesty) (3) Devataradhana (worship of God) (4) Adhyayana (study) (5) Kulasuddhi (purity of family) (6) Susila (good conduct) (7) Sakti ( strength ),( 8 ) Dhana (wealth) (9) Surata (valour) (10) Yuktiyukta Sambhasana (intelligent and rational talk).

6. Rsi gotras – There are ten Rsi Gotras (families of sages): (1) Bharadvaja gotra (2) Kausika gotra (3) Vatsya gotra (4) Kaundinya gotra (5) Kasyapa gotra (6) Vasistha gotra (7) Jamadagnya gotra (8) Visvamitra gotra (9) Gautama gotra (10) Atreya gotra. (All these ten gotras were brought down to Daksinabharata by ParaSurama).

7. Camatkaras –  There are ten kinds of Camatkara (poetical charm) according to the poet Ksemendra. (1) Avicarita ramaniya (2) Vicaryamanaramaniya (3) Samastasuktavyapi (4) Suktaikadesavyapi (5) Sabdagata (6) Arthagata (7) Ubhayagata (8) Alankaragata (9) Vrttigata (10) Rasagata.

8. Cittavasthas – There are ten states of mind. (1) Kama (lust) (2) Sankalpa (imagination) (3) Vicikitsa (doubt ) (4) Sraddha (attention) (5) Asraddha (negligence) (6) Dhrti (resolution) (7) Adhrti (wavering) (8) Lajja (shame) (9) Dhi (devotion) (10) Bhiti (fear).

9. Nadas – There are ten nadas (sounds) according to Harhsopanisad. (1) Ciniti (2) Cincim (3) Kanthanada (4) Sankhanada (5) Tantrinada (6) Talanada (7) Venunada (8) Mrdanganada (9) Bherinada (10) Meghanada.

10. Sins (papas) – There are ten papas (sins). (1) Murder (2) Theft (3) Adultery (4) Calumny (5) Harshness (6) Deceit (7) Nonsensical utterances (8) Inflicting pain on others (9) Desire for another’s property (10) Atheism.

11. Dasapuspas – There are ten holy flowers. – (1) Puvankuruntai (2) Muyalcceviyan (Sutafreni Anthericum Tuberosum ) (3) Karuka (Ananta Bent grass ) (4) Nilappana (Talamulika Curculigo Orchioides) (5) Kayyanya (Bhrngaraja Trailing Eclipta) (6) Visnukranti (Krsnakranti Clikoria Ternatea) (7) Cherupula (Illecobrum lanatum) (8) Tirutali (Srihastini Asparagus Racemosus) (9) Ulinja (The smoothleaved heart-pea “Cardiopermum Halicacabum”) (10) Mukkutti (Gandakali Sensitive plant).

12. Prajapatis – The prajapatis are ten in number : (1) Marici (2) Angiras (3) Atri (4) Pulaha (5) Pulastya (6) Kratu (7) Vasistha (8) Daksa (9) Bhrgu (10) Narada.

13. Pranas – There are ten Pranas (life-winds). (I) Prana (2) Apana (3) Vyana (4) Samana (5) Udana (6)Naga (7) Kurma (8) Krkara (9) Devadatta (10) Dhananjaya.

14. Strength – There are ten items of strength. (A). (1) Jnana (knowledge) (2) Prajna (wisdom) (3) Virya (heroism) (4) Ksama (patience) (5) Sila (uprightness) (6) Dana (charity) (7) Bala (might) (8) Upaya (resourcefulness) (9) Dhyana (intuition) (10) Pranidhi (power of observation).

(B). (1) Buddhi (intelligence) (2) Ksama (patience) (3) Virya (heroism) (4) Dhyana (divine intuition) (5) Jnana (knowledge) (6) Krpa (grace) (7) Sila ( uprightness) (8) Bala (9) Dana (10) Upeksa (inattention).

(C).  (1) Mulabala (strength inherent) (2) Bandhubala (Strength of relatives) (3) Rajasainyabala ( strength of the royal army) (4) Svakiya Senabala (strength of own army) (5) Bahya senabala (strength of reinforcement from outside) (6) Kattalabala (strength of foresters) (7) Gajabala (strength of the elephants) (8) Turagabala (strength of horses) (9) Bandhusainyabala (strength of the army of relatives) (10) Padatibala (strength of foot soldiers)

15. Dasamula. There are ten important medicinal roots: (1) Kumbil (Cayaphal). (2) Kuvala (Sriphala Aegle Marmelos) (3) Munja (Sriparna Permna Spinosa) (4) Patiri (Krsnavrnda Trumpet Flower Tree) (5) Palakappayyani (Sonaka Bignonia Indica) (6) Orila (Padmacarini Hibiscus Mutabilies) (7) Muvila (Kalasi Hedysarum Lagopodioides) (8) Karuttacunta (Pracodani small egg-plant) (9) Veluttacunta (white pracodani) (10) Nerinjil (Gokantaka Barleria longifolia).

16. Limbs of the king (Angas) – The ten angas of a king are (1) Nadu (country) (2) Mala (mountain) (3) Nadi (river) (4) Oru (village) (5) Kottara (palace) (6) Kutira (horse) (7) Ana (elephant) (8) Murasu (War drum) (9)Koti (flag) (10) Cenkol (sceptre).

17. Rupakas (dramatic compositions) – There are ten classes of rupakas – (1). Nataka. (drama). The chief sentiment in a drama should be one of the three following rasas : (

 (A)Virarasa (sentiment of heroism), (B) Srngararasa (sentiment of love), (C) Karunarasa (pathos). There should be five to ten acts. The singer should be a famous one. It must have Pancasandhis (five junctures). Sakuntala and Uttararamacarita are perfect Natakas. (2) Prakarana. In this kind of drama the plot is invented or fictitious and deals with the social life of the day. The hero of the play can be either a hero or a meek person. The heroine can be a noble lady or a harlot. The main sentiment should be Sringara (love). Malatimadhava, Mrcchakatika are examples of Prakaranas. (3) Bhana. There is only one character and one Act in this species. The plot is fictitious and the hero is an expert humorous libertine. Lilamadhura and Mahisamangala Bhana are examples. (4) Prahasana. This is a farce. The plot is fictitious and is in the nature of a low comedy. Satire is the chief sentiment of this species. (5) Dima. This has got four Acts. The plot will be famous and the chief sentiment will be one of wrath and fierceness. There will be no Viskambha (interlude between Acts to give connection to the story between Acts) or Pravesaka (introducer explaining portions of the plot which may not be put on stage but an understanding of which is necessary to follow the story). There must be sixteen haughty and excited characters like a Deva, Gandharva, Yaksa and Raksasa. Tripuradahana is an example. (6) Vyayoga. Female characters will be rare in this kind of dramas. There will be only one Act. The sentiments of satire or love or calmness should not be predominant. The hero should be a famous divine sage. Saugandhikaharana is an example. (7) Samavakara. The plot should be based on a story of the devas and asuras. There will be three Acts. There must be twelve brave heroes in it. The chief sentiment will be heroism. The seizure of a city, declaration of war or a big fire should be part of the play. Sumudramathana is an example. (8) Vithi. This will have one Act and one actor. Any of the sentiments can be portrayed. The story must be completed by Akasabhasita (speech to which reply is given on the stage as if spoken from the sky) Candrika is an example. (9) Atika. This has only one Act. The heroes should be people of the prakrta type. Pathos is the chief sentiment. This should contain the pathetic wail of many women. This is called Utsrstikanka also. Sarmistha-Yayati is an example. (10). lhamrga. This will contain four Acts. The heroes of the play should be valiant. There must be ten Pataka- Nayakas (producers of different kinds of episodical incidents in the drama) . They will be Uddhatas (haughty and excited persons).

18. Metals – There are ten chief metals: (1) Gold (2) Silver (3) Copper (4) Tin (5) Lead (6) Zinc (7) Iron (8) Steel (9) Brass (10) Mercury.

19. Avataras – The incarnations of Visnu are ten. Matsya – The Fish, Kurma – The Turtle, Varaha – The boar, Narasimha – The Man-Lion, Vamana – The Dwarf Brahmin, Parashurama, Rama, Krishna, Buddha and Kalki – this final reincarnation has not yet happened.

Six – the number six is a symbolic representation of human mind, as it is the sixth sense organ with six faculties – reason, emotion, thought, awareness, knowledge and intelligence. According to bible, God created the world in six days and rested on the seventh day.

  1. Our mind has six faculties – reason, emotion, thought, awareness, knowledge and intelligence.
  2. Six enemies of mind or impurities of mind are lust, anger, greed, pride, delusion and envy.
  3. Six virtues one must have to lead a successful and happy life:  generosity, self-discipline, patience, effort, concentration and compassion.
  4. Six attributes a king (manager) must have – cleverness of speech, readiness in providing means, intelligence in dealing with foe, memory and full understanding of the morals and politics.
  5. Six acts or measures practiced by a King in warfare – samdhi(peace), vigraham(war), Yana(marching), asana(sitting encamped) dviadhi bhava(dividing the forces) and samsraya(seeking the protection of more powerful king).
  6. Six articles of faith in Muslim religion are – belief in God, belief in angels, belief in books(Quran), belief in messengers sent by Allah(including Mohammad, Jesus, etc), belief in the day of judgement and resurrection and belief in destiny.
  7. Six factors which reduce the span of life – Eating dry meat, Drinking curd at night, Sleeping at dawn, Drinking impure water, Exposure to sun’s heat in the morning, Inhaling fumes from dead body.
  8. Six divine qualities – Omniscience, Omnipresence, Omnipotence, Sarvakaranatva (being the cause of everything); Sarvanityatva (immortality) and Sarvesvaratva (having domination over everything).
  9. Six noblest qualities – Truth; Wisdom, Mercy, Justice, fortitude in grief, control of anger.
  10. Six Rsi Dharmas (Duties of Sages) – Brahmacharya, Absolute truth, Japa, Jnana (wisdom), Niyama, Sense of Justice.
  11. Six qualities of noble wives – A minister in business, a servant-maid in action, the goddess Lakshmi in appearance, the Earth in patience, a mother in love and a prostitute in bed.
  12. Six qualities of a bad wife – Habit of dispute, stealing of money, showing favours to strangers, scandal-mongering, taking food earlier than the husband, spending most of the time in other houses.
  13. Six Vedangas – Siksa, Kalpa, Vyakarana, Nirukta, Jyotisa, Chandas.
  14. Six is the only number that is both the sum and the product of three consecutive positive numbers 1, 2 and 3.
  15. A standard guitar has 6 strings.
  16. Most woodwind instruments have 6 basic holes or keys (e.g., bassoon, clarinet, pennywhistle and saxophone); these holes or keys are usually not given numbers or letters in the fingering charts.
  17. There are 6 tastes in traditional Indian Medicine called Ayurveda: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent, and astringent.
  18. In cricket: – a “six” or “sixer” is a shot in which the ball clears the boundary without bouncing, scoring six runs. There are six balls to an over.
  19. Six are the number of sides on a cube, hence the highest number on a standard die.
  20. Burial – The number of feet below ground level a coffin is traditionally buried; thus, the phrase “six feet under” means that a person (or thing, or concept) is dead.
  21. Networking theory – There are said to be no more than six degrees of separation between any two people on Earth.
  22. Common Sense – Extra-sensory perception is sometimes called the “sixth sense”.
  23. Six Cardinal Directions: north, south, east, west, up, and down.
  24. Arishadvarga – In Hindu theology, Arishadvarga are the six passions of mind or desire: kama (lust), krodha (anger), lobha (greed), moha (attachment), mada or ahankar (pride) and matsarya (jealousy); the negative characteristics of which prevent man from attaining moksha or salvation.
  25. Six fold duties of Brahmins – Yajna or performing sacrifices by officiating as priests, Yajna or causing the performance of the sacrifice by being the financier or the yajaman (These sacrifices were performed for the spiritual benefit of the whole human society).Adhyayana or engaging oneself in academic pursuits, Adhyapana or teaching, Daana or giving gifts, Prateegraha or accepting gifts. The following are also considered to be the six daily duties of Brahmana – snana (bathing), samdhya japa (repetition of prayers during the three sandyas), brahma yajna(worship of the supreme being), tarpana(daily oblation of water to the gods, pitrs, etc). homa (oblation of fuel, rice, etc.  in fire) and deva puja(worship of the secondary gods in temples or at home).
  26. Six permitted jobs for Brahmin for sustenance during famine and other difficulties – Rita(gleaning), amrita (unsolicited alms), mrita (solicited alms), karshana (agriculture), satyantita(trade) and servitude.
  27. Six acts of inflicting injury to enemies employed by Brahmins using magical powers as per tantra – santi, vasya, stampana, vidvesha, uchhadana and marana.
  28. Six acts belonging to the practice of Yoga – Dhauti (washing), basti(cleaning the lower part of the abdomen), neti(cleaning the nostrils), laukiki(movement of the stomach muscle, trataka( gazing without winking) and kapalabhati( cleaning the inside of cranium).
  29. There are six players on a volleyball team and an ice hockey team.
  30. Six Virtues (shat sampat): Six virtues, areas of mental training, and attitudes are cultivated so as to stabilize the mind and emotions, allowing the deep practice of contemplative meditation to be performed. 1) Tranquility (shama): Intentional cultivating an inner attitude of tranquility, peace of mind, or contentment is a foundation on which the other practices can rest. 2) Training (dama): Training of the senses (indriyas) means the responsible use of the senses in positive, useful directions, both in our actions in the world and the nature of inner thoughts we cultivate. 3) Withdrawal (uparati): With a proper inner attitude of tranquility, and the training of the senses, there also comes a sense of satiety, or natural sense of completeness, as if no more of the sensory experience need be sought. 4) Forbearance (titiksha): Forbearance and tolerance of external situations allow one to be free from the onslaught of the sensory stimuli and pressures from others to participate in actions, speech, or thoughts that one knows to be going in a not-useful direction. 5) Faith (shraddha): An intense sense of certainty about the direction one is going keeps one going in the right direction, persisting in following the teachings and practices that have been examined and seen to be productive, useful, and fruit bearing. 6) Focus (samadhana): Resolute focus towards harmonizing and balancing of mind, its thoughts, and emotions, along with the other virtues, brings a freedom to pursue the depth of inner exploration and realization
  31. Watch your six – the phrase ‘watch your six’ does indeed mean ‘watch your back’. It refers to the 6 position on the face of a clock. If you were standing in the center of a clock face, facing the 12 position, the 6 position would be immediately behind you.
  32. Six sigma – Six Sigma is a set of techniques and tools for process improvement. Six Sigma seeks to improve the quality of process outputs by identifying and removing the causes of defects (errors) and minimizing variability in manufacturing and business processes. It was developed by Motorola in 1986.
  33. There are six main parts in the celebration of the mass: the preparation to the sacrifice, the instruction, the oblation, the canon, the communion and the thanksgiving.
  34. Shad-bhava-vikaras (six modifications of the body) – Asti (existence), Jayate (birth), Vardhate (growth), Viparinamate (change), Apaksheeyate (decay), Vinashyate (death), are the six modifications or changes of the body.
  35. Lord Subramanya popularly known as Shanmukha or Shadaanana is symbolized as having six faces. It is believed that six faces represent the five senses and the mind. He is also known as Shan-maathura; as He was brought up by six mothers known as Kruttikas who suckled Him; hence, He is also known as Kaarthikeya.
  36. Lord Vishnu described as Vashatkarah; the one who possesses divine and auspicious qualities like; comprehensive control over everything (sovereignty); all capabilities to do and undo anything and everything; all accomplishments (Yashass); bountiful riches and prosperity, all knowledge in full form; and total dispassionateness (non-attachment).
  37. Shadguna; six good qualities of excellence (referred to Mahavishnu) viz. jnaana, bala, aishvarya, viirya, shakti, and tejas.
  38. Shad-Urmi; six waves emotional and physical feelings – Shoka (sorrow); Moha (temptation); Jara (old age); Mrityu (death); Kshudha (hunger); and Pipaasa (thirst).
  39.  In Karanyaasa; six different parts of the palm and fingers are touched and in Shad-anganyasa where we touch six different parts of the body.  This ritual is done so that the whole body of the meditator becomes charged with divine power and it has a scientific background.
  40. Six qualities (duties) a Brahman should nurture; that portrait him as a complete Brahmana. They are serenity (shama), self-restraint (dama), austerity (thapas), purity (shoucham), forbearance (kshaanti) and uprightness/straightforwardness (aarjavam).
  41. Shad-Ruthus (six seasons) – A Hindu Lunar year is divided into six seasons of two months each known as Ruthus viz. Vasantha Ruthu followed by Greeshma; Varsha; Sharad; Hemantha; and Sisira Ruthu. Chaithra & Vaisakha – Vasantha Ruthu, Jyeshta & Aaashaada – Greeshma Ruthu, Sraavana & Bhaadrapada – Varsha Ruthu, Aaswayuja & Kartheeka – Sharad Ruthu, Maargasira & Pushya – Hemantha Ruthu, Maagha & Phaalguna – Sisira Ruthu.
  42. Shat Thila karma – Usage of Thil seeds (Sesame) in six ways during Uttaraayana Parvakaala is known as Shat-Thila Karma.  It is said that, on this day one should use Thil (Sesame) seeds in six ways viz…Thila Snana, Thila Deepa, Thila Homa, Thila tharpana, Thila Dana and Thila Bhakshana.
  43. Shanmukhi Rudraaksha – In the Rudraaksha concept, six faced Rudraaksha is known as Shanmukhi Rudraaksha that is said to represent Lord Shanmukha (Subramanya).  It is believed to bestow upon the wearer; good health, courage, learning, wisdom, knowledge and save from the worldly trauma. 
  44. Six techniques of yoga in Yoga Shaastra are Praanaayaama; Japa; Pratyaahaara; Dhyaana; Dhaarana; and Samaadhi.
  45. Shat prajna – acquainted with the six objects – dharma, artha, kama, moksha, lokartha  and tatvartha.
  46. Shat-chakra – six mystical circles in the body – muladhara, svadhishtana, manipura, an-ahata, visudda and ajnacakra.
  47. The standard flute has six holes.
  48. The standard guitar has six strings.
  49. Shadanga – six principal parts of the body – two arms, two legs, head and waist.
  50. In the beehive honeycomb, the cells are six-sided.
  51. Shad gavyam – six things obtained from cow – go mutra(cow urine), go mayam (cow dung), milk, curd, ghee and go-rocanam).
  52. Shadja – fourth of the 7 musical swaras, called because it is produced by the six organs, viz. tongue, teeth, palate, nose, throat and chest. The other six swaras are rishabha, gandhara, madhyama, pancama, dhaivata and nishada.
  53. Shad durga – a collection of six fortress. They are Dhanva durga, mahi durga, giri durga, manushya durga, mrid durga and vana durga.
  54. Shadrasa – the Six Tastes – Ayurveda explains that different tastes are created by different combinations of the pancha mahabhutas (elements).  Madhura – Sweet, Amla – Sour, Lavana – Salt, Katu – Pungent, Tikta – Bitter and Kasaya – Astringent.
  55. Shadvargas – are the six-fold divisions of a Zodiacal sign or a Rashi. A good grasp of Shadvargas is an imperative for making predictions because these divisions help us to make an assessment of the strength of a given planet. The six-fold divisions are: Rashi, Hora, Drekanna, Navamsa, Dwadasamsa, and Thrimsamsa. Rashi: The Zodiac is divided into 12 divisions of 30 degrees each. Each division is called a Rashi or a sign. Hora: When a sign is divided into two equal parts, each part is called a Hora.  Drekanna: When a sign is divided into three parts, each part is called a Drekanna. Navamsa or Navamshaka: When a sign is divided into nine equal parts, each part becomes a Navamsa measuring 3 1/3 degrees each. Dwadasamsa: When a sign is divided into 12 equal parts, each part is called a Dwadasamsa. Thrimsamsa: When a sign is divided into 30 equal parts, each part is a Called a Thrimsamsa measuring one degree each.
  56. Shad-lavana – according to “Rasaratna Samucchaya”, the following are called shadlavana. Saindhava Lavana – Rock salt, Souvarchala Lavana – black salt (Potassium nitrate), Vida Lavana – A type of black salt / Sodium sulphate, Samurda Lavana – Common salt (Sodium Chloride), Romaka / Sambhara Lavana – Earthen salt and Chullika Lavana (Navasadara – Ammoium chloride). Lavana Rasa (salt) relieves rigidity, clears the obstructions of the channels and pores, increases digestive activity, lubricates, causes sweating, penetrates deep into the tissues, improves taste,  new growth, abscess etc.). Generally salts are bad for the eyes (vision) except Saindhava – Rock Salt. Used in excess, it causes vitiation of Asra (blood) and Vata, causes baldness, graying of hair, wrinkles of the skin, thirst, skin diseases, effect of poison and decrease of strength of the body.
  57. Shadushana – 6 spices – Shat means six. Ushana means spices. They are – Pippali – Long pepper fruit – Piper longum, Pippalimoola – Long pepper root, Chavya – Piper cubeba, Chitraka – Leadwort – Plumbago zeylanica, Nagara – ginger rhizome – Zingiber officinale, Maricha – Black pepper – Piper nigrum

 

 

68.Under British law, when you reach the age of seven you can open and draw money from a National Savings Bank account or a Trustee Savings Bank account.

69. In China 7 determines the stages of female life: a girl gets her “milk teeth” at seven months, loses them at seven years, reaches puberty at 2 x 7 = 14 years, and reaches menopause at 7 x 7 = 49. The phases of the Moon last approximately seven days, with 4 x 7 = 28 days in a month and also in a female menstrual period.

70. In the Hippocratic tradition of medicine, 7 rule the illnesses of the body, with painful illnesses lasting 7, 14, or 21 days.

71. Seven liberal arts – In medieval education, students pursued the trivium (grammar, rhetoric, and logic) and the quadrivium (music, arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy), a total of seven subjects, collectively known as the liberal arts.

72. According to folklore breaking a mirror leads to seven years of bad luck.

73. Sapthamukhi Rudraaksha – In the concept of Rudraaksha; Sapthamukhi (seven faced) is known to represent Goddess Maha Lakshmi the Goddess of wealth.  It is believed to be worn by those suffering from miseries pertaining to body, finance, and mental setup. Its ruling planet is Saturn. It brings happiness to the wearer and is generally worn along with Ashtamukhi.

74. Sapthaana – It has been prescribed and practiced by our ancestors to perform Pithru Sraaddha in seven forms known as Saptaanna prakarana. Seven types are; Vaiswadeva Homa (Agni Kaarya); Vipra Bhojana; Pinda Pradhaana; Thila Tharpana (Vikiraakya Anna); Uchhishta Pinda; Bhoori Bhojana (Anna Daana); and Bhoori Dakshine.

75.    The opposite sides of a dice always equal the number seven when added.

76. In Japan there are Seven Lucky Gods. They have a ship called Takarabune, the Treasure Ship. They arrive in town every New Year and give gifts to all worthy people. Children will often receive red envelopes decorated with the Takarabune. Inside they find money gifts. The names of the Lucky Gods are: Hotei – Jurojin – Fukurokuju – Bishamonten – Benzaiten – Daikokuten – Ebisu

77. Tangram – The tangram is a puzzle consisting of seven flat shapes, called tans. The objective is to form a specific shape (given only a silhouette) using all seven pieces.There are thousands of different tangram challenges for enthusiasts.

78. The Seven Valleys of the Bahá’i Faith – The Seven Valleys, is a book written by the founder, Bahá’uillah (1817-1892). It describes the seven mystic stages of which a seeker must travel towards God. The Seven Valleys are: 1. The Valley of Search 2. The Valley of Love 3. The Valley of Knowledge 4. The Valley of Unity 5. The Valley of Contentment 6. The Valley of Wonderment 7 The Valley of Poverty and Absolute Nothingness

79. Seven wild animals as per scriptures – Lions, tigers, boars, buffaloes, elephants, bears and apes are regarded as wild.

80. Seven domestic animals – Cows, goats, sheep, men, horses, mules, and asses.

81. These are the seven forms and names for the river Sarasvati – Suprava, Kanchanakshi, Visala, Manorama, Oghavati, Surenu, and Vimalodaka.

82. Saptaham – Srimad Bhagavatam is presented in discourse as ‘Saptaham’ (reading for 7 days). The origin of saptaham is as follows. Maharaja Parikshit was the emperor of the world and was a great rajarsi (saintly king). Having received the curse that he would die within a week, he renounced his entire kingdom and retired to the bank of the Ganges to fast until death and receive spiritual enlightenment. Sukabrahma rishi recited the entire Bhagavatam to Maharaja parikshit in an assembly of learned saints and the concept of saptaham started.

83. The seven qualities which would enhance prosperity are the following: Dhairya (courage), Sama (forbearance), Dama (control of the sense), Sucitva (cleanliness), Daya (compassion) , Mrduvak (geniality of speech) and Ahimsa (not giving injury to your friends).

84. The seven divisions of Kerala are Venad, Pulinat, Karkanad, Citanat, Kuttanat, Kutanad and Malayamanad.

85. The seven Cittasalyas are Daylight Candra, Woman past the prime of life, a pond without lotuses, a lovely person without learning, a lord greedy of wealth, a virtuous but poor man and a cruel royal attendant.

86. Seven Karmas: Bravery, skill, courage, resourcefulness, non-withdrawal from war, magnanimity and commanding power.

87. Seven solemnities: Mammodisa, Muron, Kurbana, Kumbasara, Vivaha, Pattatva and Tailabhiseka of the sick.

88. Seven Jivavasthas : Ajnana, Avarana, Viksepa, Paroksajnana, Aparoksajnana, Anarthanivrtti and Anandaprapti.

89. Seven rivers : Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Sarasvati, Narmada, Sindhu and Kaveri.

90. Seven wives of Vasudeva: Devaki, Srutadeva, Yasoda, Srutisrava, Srideva, Upadeva and Surupa.

91. Seven mountains: Himavan, Nisadha, Vindhya, Malyavan, Pariyatra, Gandhamadana and Hemakuta.

92. Seven holy places: Ayodhya, Mathura, Maya, Kasi, Kanci, Avanti and Dvaravati.

93. Seven Maruts: Avaha, Samvaha, Pravaha, Udvaha, Vivaha, Parivaha and Paravaha.

94. Seven forests: Kamyaka, Aditi, Vyasa, Phalki, Surya, Madhu and Slta.

95. Seven dosas (defects): Laziness, arrogance, ignorance, profligacy, Hauteur, pride and selfishness.

96. Seven vices: Hunting, dice, womanising, drinking squandering, harshness of speech and cruelty.

42.     Mathematics – The number 7 has some curious particularities. For example 1 divided by 7 gives a simple recurring decimal of six digits: 0.142857142857142857… and this one multiplied successively by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, gives products where we find the same numbers in the same order:

i.       142857 x 2 = 285714

ii.      142857 x 3 = 428571

iii.     142857 x 4 = 571428

iv.     142857 x 5 = 714285

v.      142857 x 6 = 857142

43.     There are seven orifices (openings) in the head of a man.

44.     Sapta-jihva –  7 tongues of Agni or fire ( the 7 tongues of fire have all names, e.g. kali (black), karali (fierce),  mano-java (swift as mind) , su-lohita(read as iron), sudhumravarṇa(smoke coloured), ugrā or sphuliṅginī (cracking) and pradīptā,

45.     Sapta Dhatus (The Seven Bodily Tissues) – The dhatus are the basic varieties of tissues which compose the human body. The primary Dhatus are seven in number. They are:

a.       Sukra dhatu (reproductive tissues)

b.      Majja dhatu (bone marrow and nervous tissues)

c.       Asthi dhatu (bone)

d.      Meda dhatu (fatty tissues)

e.       Mamsa dhatu (muscle tissues)

f.       Rakta dhatu (formed blood cells)

g.      Rasa dhatu (plasma)

46.     7 primary metals for an Alchemist – Gold, Silver, Iron, Tin, copper, mercury and lead.

47.     Sapta Dhanya – 7 grains used for Navratri pooja – Barley, sesame, rice, greengram, foxtail millet, chickpea and wheat.

48.     Sapta-prakriti – the 7 constituent parts of a kingdom – viz., the king, his ministers, ally, territory, fortress, army, and treasury.

49.     Sapta-rakta –  the 7 red-coloured parts of the body viz. palms of hands, soles of feet, nails, eye-corners, tongue, palate, lips.

50.     Sapta Puri – are seven holy pilgrimage centres in India where the word ‘puri’ means “town” or “city” suffixed to the word ‘sapta’ meaning “seven”. Specifically, the names of the pilgrimage centres are: Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Varanasi (Benaras, Kashi), Kanchipuram, Ujjain (Avanti) and Dwarka.

51.     Sapta Badri – constitutes a group of seven sacred Hindu temples, dedicated to god Vishnu, located in Garhwal Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. The Badrinath temple called the Badri-vishal is the primary temple among the seven shrines, followed by six others, namely, Adi Badri, Vridha Badri, Dhyan Badri, Ardha Badri, Bhavishya Badri and Yogadhayan Badri.

52.     Sapta Sindhu’ – refers to the rivers Saraswati, Sutudri (Sutlej), Vipasa (Beas), Asikni (Chenab), Parosni (Ravi), Vitasta (Jhelum) and Sindhu (Indus).

53.     7 States of Consciousness – sapta-chetana – Waking or jagrat chetana, Dreaming or swapn chetana, Dreamless Sleep or sushupti chetana, Transcendental Consciousness – turiya chetana, Cosmic Consciousness turiyatit chetana (sustained turiya consciousness), God consciousenss or bhagavat chetana and Brahman Conscioiusness or brahmi chetana.

54.     7 Chiranjeevi – ‘Ashwathama, King Mahabali, Vyasa, Hanuman, Vibhishana, Kripacharya and Parashurama are the seven death-defying or imperishable personalities ‘.

55.     According to Kundalini Yoga, there are seven Nadis in human body. They are  ida, pingala, sushumna, gandhari, hastijihva, pusha and alambusha.

56.     Saptabhumikas – Tantra describes seven bhumika or acaras by which a spiritual aspirant rises to the highest level of spiritual illumination. They are veda, vaisnava, saiva, daksina, vama, siddhanta and kaula.

57.     Saptajnanabhumika – seven preparatory stages for attaining knowledge – subheccha (sincere desire), vicarana(enquiry), tanumanasi(attenuation of the mind), sattvapatti(attaining sattva), asamsakti(non-attachment), padarthabhavana(becoming aware of objects)and turiya (entering to the final stage – atman).

58.     Saptasadhana – seven exercises for purifying the body and mind. They are Sodhana(purification), drdhata(strengthening), sthairya(steadiness produced by the steadiness of the mind), laghava(lightness), pratyaksha(direct perception) and nirlipta(isolation).

59.     Saptavyasanas – The Hindu Shastraas define the following seven things as the most powerful addictions that can affect any person. They are as follows – The first one is Dyuta –which means gambling. The second one is maamsa —meaning meat eating, the third one is —suraa which means drinking alcoholic beverages, vesyaa prostitute(prostitution) is the fourth vyasana. The fifth one is kheta which means hunting for pleasure , chourya —stealing is the sixth one and paraangana or having you heart on someone else’s wife is the seventh habit.

60.     Seven ways to greet a neighbor. Kautilya recommended seven strategies in dealing with neighboring powers. The strategies are: Sanman – Appeasement, non-aggression pact, Dana – Gift, bribery, Danda – Strength, punishment, Bheda – Divide, split, separating opposition, Maya – Illusion, deceit, Upeksha – Ignoring the enemy and Indrajala – Faking military strength.

61.     Kautilya recognises seven elements of the state. Sapta means seven and Anga means organ. These elements he compares to the different organs of the human body. These seven elements are the angas, which should be active and healthy for the smooth functioning of the body politics. Kautilya considered all these elements as being interdependent. These seven elements are: 1.Swamin 2.Amatya 3.Janapada 4.Durga 5.Kosha 6.Bala 7.Mitra. (1) King): The first and foremost organ of the state is the king. All other organs of the state can prosper only if the king is good, able, effective and resourceful. The king should be born of a high family and pursue the qualities of virtue, truthful and enthusiasm. He should not always accessible to the people. He should be the foundation head of justice. (2). Amatya (Ministers and Advisors): the Ministers and officers constitute another element of Sovereignty. Kautilya felt that in the absence of the strong Council of Ministers, the king couldn’t attain anything even if his defence force is strong. The Ministers are like eyes and ears of the king. Kautilya sets a set of qualifications for a person to be a minister. His character has been tested under the pursuits of religion, wealth, love and fear. He should possess sharp intellect, strong memory power, energy and training in kinds of arts. He must be a man of proven administration capability. He should have controlled greed, anger, haste, and fickleness. He should be man of dignity and self- possessiveness. (3). Janapada (Population and Territory): Janapada is another important element of the state. Without the Janapada there is neither the king nor the kingship. The people should possess the qualities of patriotism and loyal to the king as well as to the kingdom. They also should have the qualities of heroism, superior talents and skills. They should be capable of bearing the burden of taxation. The state should be full of intelligent masters and servants. (4) . Durga (Fort): Kautilya considered a strong fort is absolutely necessary for the protection of a state. The fort is vital to the existence and survival of the state. If the fort were secure, people would also be secure. He referred to four types of forts, viz. water fort, hill forts, desert fort, and forest fort. The fort must surround by all the cities and towns. He said that a well-protected fort would prevent any information from flowing out of the state. (5) . Kosha (Treasury): The treasury should be a permanent source of revenue for the state. The king was advised to take 1/6 part of the produce as tax and there must be sufficient currency and valuable minerals, like gold. He advocated severe punishment for those who avoided the payment of taxes. He advised the king to use the people’s money wisely and keep proper accounts. (6). Bala (Army): The king ought to have at his command a commendable military force. The army must be well versed in military arts, be loyal and patriotic. It was the primary responsibility of the king to keep army under his control. (7). Mitra (Friend): The king as far as possible should try to build good friends. The friendship lessens the work of the king because the friend didn’t pose any security threat the state. The friend was to be time tested one.

62.     Seven Corporal Works of Mercy are those that tend to bodily needs of others. They are (1) To feed the hungry, (2).To give drink to the thirsty, (3).To clothe the naked, (4).To harbour the harbourless.[7] (also loosely interpreted today as To Shelter the Homeless), (5).To visit the sick, (6).To visit the imprisoned and (7).To bury the dead.

63.     Seven Spiritual Works of Mercy – (1).To instruct the ignorant, (2).To counsel the doubtful, (3).To admonish sinners, (4).To bear wrongs patiently, (5).To forgive offences willingly, (6).To comfort the afflicted, (7).To pray for the living and the dead.

64.     Seven acts of Academic dishonesty – academic misconduct is any type of cheating that occurs in relation to a formal academic exercise. It can include (1) Plagiarism: The adoption or reproduction of original creations of another author without due acknowledgment, (2) Fabrication: The falsification of data, information, or citations in any formal academic exercise, (3) Deception: Providing false information to an instructor concerning a formal academic exercise—e.g., giving a false excuse for missing a deadline or falsely claiming to have submitted work, (4) Cheating: Any attempt to give or obtain assistance in a formal academic exercise (like an examination) without due acknowledgment, (5) Bribery: or paid services. Giving assignment answers or test answers for money, (6) Sabotage: Acting to prevent others from completing their work. This includes cutting pages out of library books or willfully disrupting the experiments of others, (7) Impersonation: assuming a student’s identity with intent to provide an advantage for the student.

65.     Seven is the number of dwarfs in the fairy tale, Snow White. The seven dwarfs were named: Bashful – Doc – Dopey – Grumpy – Happy – Sleepy – Sneezy.

66.     In Japan there are Seven Lucky Gods. They have a ship called Takarabune, the Treasure Ship. They arrive in town every New Year and give gifts to all worthy people. Children will often receive red envelopes decorated with the Takarabune. Inside they find money gifts. The names of the Lucky Gods are: Hotei – Jurojin – Fukurokuju – Bishamonten – Benzaiten – Daikokuten – Ebisu.

67.     Among many things that come in sevens are the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Seven Sisters, Shakespeare’s Seven Ages of Man, the Seven Levels of Hell, and the Seven Dwarves.

Seven – Seven is a sacred number representing the union of divinity (number three) and earth (number 4). The meaning of seven reminds us that there is symmetry, reason, and order within the structure of the Universe.

  1. SAPTADVIPAS (SEVEN ISLANDS). – The seven islands are Jambudvipa, Plaksadvlpa, Salmalidvlpa, Kusadvipa, Krauncadvipa, Sakadvipa and Puskaradvipa.
  2. SAPTANAGA (Seven serpents) – The Saptanagas are Ananta, Taksaka, Karka, Padma, Mahapadma, Sankhaka and Gulika.
  3. SAPTARSIS. (The seven hermits) – Marlci, Angiras, Atri, Pulastya, Vasistha, Pulaha and Kratu.
  4. SAPTASVAS. The seven horses of the Sun –  Surya, the Sun God, rides on a chariot pulled by seven horses, each corresponding to a particular day of the week – They are Gayatri, Brhati, Usnik, Jagati, Tristup, Anustup and Parikti.
  5. Saptamegha – Samvartham, avartham, pushkalavartham, samhridam, dronam, kalamukhi and neelavarunam.
  6. Seven sections of Patala – The seven sections are : Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Talatala, Mahatala, Rasatala, Patala.
  7. Seven Heavens – Bhuloka, Bhuvarloka, Svarloka, Maharloka, Janarloka, Tapoloka, and Satyaloka,
  8. Saptarishi – . Brahma’s sons, Marlci, Angiras, Atri, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasistha are known as the Saptarsis.
  9. Sapta Gurus (seven Preceptors) of Kubera – Kasyapa, Vasistha, Atri, Gautama, Bharadvaja, Visvamitra and Jamadagni.
  10. ‘Saptasuryas’ (seven suns) – In the language of Yogic treatises the seven life-winds in the human head are called the saptasuryas.
  11. SAPTAJANASRAMA – A holy place where seven hermits called the Saptajanas, went to heaven by standing head downwards in water. This was the place through which Sri Rama and Sugriva went to Kiskindha.
  12. SAPTAMATR (S). (SEVEN MOTHERS) – Saptamatrs are the seven goddesses named Brahmani, Vaisnavi, Mahesvari, Kaumari, Varahi, Indrani and Camundi.
  13. Sapta Pitrs (Seven Manes) – The Sapta Pitrs are Vairaja, Agnisvatta, Somapa ; Garhapatya, Ekagrnga, Caturveda and Kala.
  14. Seven days in the week – Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday.
  15. Seven colors in the rainbow – Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo and Violet.
  16. Saptasamudra – According to scriptures there are seven seas. They are Lavanasamudra( ocean of salt water), ikshusamudra (ocean of sugarcane juice), surasamudra(ocean of wine), sarpis-samudra(ocean of ghee), dadhi-samudra(ocean of curds), kshirasamudra(ocean of milk) and jalasamudra(ocean of water).
  17. Seven Seas – There are many versions of the seven seas. A common one is as follows – the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Adriatic Sea. After Europeans ‘discovered’ North America, the concept of the Seven Seas changed again. Mariners then referred to the Seven Seas as the Arctic, the Atlantic, the Indian, the Pacific, the Mediterranean, the Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico. The modern Seven Seas include the Arctic, North Atlantic, South Atlantic, North Pacific, South Pacific, Indian, and Southern Oceans.
  18. Seven Continents – : Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.
  19. The Seven Virtues: chastity, temperance, charity, diligence, kindness, patience, and humility.
  20. There are seven primary chakras are in a human body as explained in Tantric and Yogic traditions. They are Muladhara, Base or Root Chakra, Swadhisthana, Sacral Chakra (last bone in spinal cord, the coccyx), Manipura, Solar Plexus Chakra (navel area), Anahata, Heart Chakra (heart area), Vishuddha, Throat Chakra (throat and neck area), Ajna, Brow or Third Eye Chakra (pineal gland or third eye) and Sahasrara Crown Chakra (top of the head; ‘soft spot’ of a new-born).
  21. Each of the four phases of the moon last seven days, 7×4 = 28, number of days in a Lunar month.
  22. There are seven wonders in the ancient world.
  23. Seven stages of human life cycle –Infant, childhood, teenager, youth, adulthood, middle age and old age.
  24. Seven things to do to attain a happier life – do good deeds, donate only to deserving people, control internal sense organs, control external sense organs, be ashamed to commit unethical deeds, be kind to all and lead a clear life.
  25. There are seven gates through which admission may be gained to heaven. They are asceticism, benevolence, and tranquility of mind, self-control, modesty, simplicity and kindness to all creatures.
  26. In ancient kingdoms, these were the seven principle officers of the state – the Governor of the Citadel, the commander in chief, the Chief Judge, the chief priest, the general in interior command and the chief astrologer. 
  27. Saptaswaras – There are seven basic swaras in Indian Carnatic music or seven octats (sa re ga ma pa dha ni) which are basics of music, using which hundreds of Ragas are composed. They are – Shadjam (shortly – Sa), Rishabham (Ri), Ghandaram (Ga), Madhyamam (Ma), Panchamam (Pa), Dhaivatham (Dha) and Nishadham (Ni)
  28. Seven days of Creation (Genesis 1) e.g., God rested on and sanctified the seventh day (Sabbath)
  29. Seven deadly sins – lust, gluttony, greed, sloth, wrath, envy, and pride
  30. Seven spiritual acts of Mercy – clothe the naked, visit the sick, visit the imprisoned, bury the dead, give drinks to the thirsty, feeding the hungry, sheltering the homeless.
  31. Saat phere (“seven circumambulations”) – is one of the most important features of the Hindu wedding, involving seven rounds around a pious fire lit for the purpose amidst the Vedic mantras. The bride and groom circumambulate a consecrated fire seven times, reciting specific vows with each circuit. Vows made in the presence of the sacred fire, to never get separated. The vows are considered unbreakable, with Agnideva held as both witnessing and blessing the couple’s union. Every phera(round) has a specific meaning.
    1. In the first round or phera, the couple prays to God for plenty of nourishing and pure food. They pray to God to let them walk together so that they will get food.
    2. In the second round, the couple prays to God for a healthy and prosperous life. They ask for the physical, spiritual and mental health from God.
    3. In the third Phera the couple prays to God for wealth. They ask God for the strength for both of them so that they can share the happiness and pain together. Also, they pray so that they can walk together to get wealth.
    4. In the fourth round the couple prays to God for the increase in love and respect for each other and their respective families.
    5. The bride and groom together pray for the beautiful, heroic and noble children from God in the fifth step.
    6. In the sixth holy round around the fire, the couple asks for the peaceful long life with each other.
    7. In the final seventh round the couple prays to god for companionship, togetherness, loyalty and understanding between themselves. They ask God to make them friends and give the maturity to carry out the friendship for lifetime. The husband says to his new wife that now they have become friends after the Seven Vows/Sat Phere and they will not break their friendship in life.
  32. Seven Blunders of the World that cause violence – According to Mahatma Gandhi’s there are seven blunders that can cause violence in the world. They are: Wealth without work, pleasure without conscience, knowledge without character, commerce without morality, science without humanity, religion without sacrifice and politics without principle.
  33. 7 – A neutral pH value between acidity and alkalinity (water)
  34. Seven attributes of physicality – Height, Width, Depth,  Top and bottom (limits height),  Front and back (limits width), Left and right (limits depth),  The connecting of the other six. Nothing can exist in the physical world without these seven attributes.
  35. Seven In The Body – The body, according to our Sages, is composed of seven major parts, namely: head, torso, right arm, left arm, right leg, left leg, and the sex organ.
  36. Seven commandments of the Children of Noah (Noachide)
    1. Belief in God.
    2. Respect God and praise Him.
    3. Respect human life – do not murder.
    4. Respect the family – do not commit immoral acts.
    5. Respect for others’ rights and property – do not steal.
    6. Respect all creatures – do not eat the flesh of an animal while it is still alive.
    7. Creation of a judicial system – pursue justice.
  37. There are seven visible moving celestial objects: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Moon, and Sun.
  38. Seven hills at Tirumala also known as ezhu malaiyan means Sevenhills  –  Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri.
  39. A woman’s fertile period during her menstrual cycle, on average, lasts about seven days.
  40. The seven-year itch – is a psychological term that suggests that happiness in a relationship declines after around year seven of a marriage. Divorce rates show a trend in couples that, on average, divorce around seven years. Around the seventh year, tensions rise to a point that couples either divorce or adapt to their partner.
  41. The seven historical and ancient monuments or wonders of the world – the Pyramids of Egypt, the Walls of Babylon,  the Suspended gardens of Babylon, the Statue of Olympian Jupiter, the Temple of Diane to Ephesus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Tomb of Mausole.
  1. K 9 – The word “K-9” pronounces the same as canine and is used in many U.S. police departments to denote the police dog unit. Despite not sounding like the translation of the word canine in other languages, many police and military units around the world use the same designation.
  2. Mathematics – Nine is the highest single-digit number in the decimal system.
    1. In base 10 a positive number is divisible by nine if and only if its digital root is 9.[9] That is, if you multiply nine by any natural number, and repeatedly add the digits of the answer until it is just one digit, you will end up with nine:

                                         i.    2 × 9 = 18 (1 + 8 = 9)

                                       ii.    3 × 9 = 27 (2 + 7 = 9)

                                      iii.    9 × 9 = 81 (8 + 1 = 9)

                                      iv.    121 × 9 = 1089 (1 + 0 + 8 + 9 = 18; 1 + 8 = 9)

                                        v.    234 × 9 = 2106 (2 + 1 + 0 + 6 = 9)

                                      vi.    578329 × 9 = 5204961 (5 + 2 + 0 + 4 + 9 + 6 + 1 = 27; 2 + 7 = 9)

                                    vii.    482729235601 × 9 = 4344563120409 (4 + 3 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 3 + 1 + 2 + 0 + 4 + 0 + 9 = 45; 4 + 5 = 9)

There are other interesting patterns involving multiples of nine:

                                   viii.    12345679 x 9 = 111111111

                                      ix.    12345679 x 18 = 222222222

                                        x.    12345679 x 81 = 999999999

                                      xi.   

  1. Biology – On the other hand, 9 seems to be particularly associated with the process of human birth.  In addition to the 9 months of gestation, and 9 openings of the body (all of which operate in some fashion in connection with conception and gestation), there is also the fact that the tail of the sperm is made of 9 twisted threads, which after uniting with the egg, forms a centriole, which is a circle of 9 parallel tubes.
  2. The Nine Muses – in Greek mythology, the nine patron goddesses of the arts; daughters of ZEUS and Mnemosyne, a TITAN who personified memory. They were: Calliope (epic poetry and eloquence), Euterpe (music and lyric poetry), Erato (love poetry), Polyhymnia (oratory or sacred poetry), Clio (history), Melpomene (tragedy), Thalia (comedy), Terpsichore (choral song and dance), and Urania (astronomy).
  3. NINE IN NUMEROLOGY – Nine is composed of the all-powerful 3×3. Nine – the result of 3×3, nine represents an even greater holiness found in three. It is the Triple Triad. IT represents completion; fulfilment; attainment; beginning and the end; the whole number; a celestial and angelic number. Nine represents the Earthly Paradise. Nine is seen as an incorruptible number. It is the number of the circumference, its division into 90 degrees and into 360 for the entire circumference. Nine is symbolized by the two triangles which are a symbol of male, fire, mountain and female, water, and cave principles.
  4. Interesting facts about Number 9.
    1. Nine (known or observed) planets in our solar system.
    2. Nine month gestation period in human birth process. Note: might this be the process during which the human consciousness becomes fused with, or attuned to, the resonant frequency of “9”?
    3. Human – normal respiration rate is 18 times per minute
    4. Human – normal heartbeat is 72 times a minute
    5. Average number of heartbeats per hour is 4,320
    6. Average number of respirations per hour is 1,080
    7. Average number of respirations per 24 hour period is 25,920
    8. There are 360 degrees in a circle
    9. Traditionally, the Romans were known to bury their dead on the 9th day of the death
    10. In the Hindu tradition the present cycle of time consists of 432,000 years. This is called the “Kali Yuga”. The great cycle in which the Kali Yuga falls consists of 4,320,000 years
    11. In Roman Catholic Europe, the cathedral bells ring 3 + 3 + 3 (morning, noon, evening) and then it rings 9 times to celebrate the virgin birth of the Savior (ibid.)
    12. The numerological value of the word LOVE is 54.
    13. The word ENLIGHTENMENT is the only word in the English language in which the letters E-I-G-H-T-E-E-N appear in that order (Lyons, The Language Crystal,1988)
    14. It has often been said the game of baseball is a metaphor for life. The game does have several connections to the number 9. There are 9 players on a team. The bases are 90 feet apart. There are 9 innings to a regular game. There are probably more, but I kind of like this rather obscure one: The Knickerbocker Baseball Club drafted the rules establishing the 9-player team in 1845. 1+8+4+5=18 (1+8=)!
    15. According to Michael Lawrence Morton (archaeo-cryptographer) the known arc distance on Earth from Pole to equator is exactly 5400 nautical miles. Also the polar circumference of Earth is 21,600 nautical miles, 7920 is the number of statute miles of the mean diameter of Earth.
    16. In order to become a Zen Master, one must solve 54 koans, or puzzles which require deep insight and enlightenment (Ibid.).
    17. Many Buddhists and Hindus wear sets of 108 beads.
  5. In Chinese Culture – Besides 6 and 8, Chinese people like 9 very much as 9 has the same pronunciation with 久 (Jiu, meaning everlasting). On the Valentine’s Day, a man usually presents his lover 99 or 999 roses to symbolize the eternal love. Similarly, according to the traditional Chinese marriage custom, the bridegroom has to give a Red Packet to his bride’s family, in which CNY 9,999 or CNY 99,999 is enclosed to bless a long-lasting marriage of the couple.
  6.  Nine Fruits of Holy Spirit – The Fruit of the Holy Spirit is a biblical term that sums up the nine visible attributes of a true Christian life. They are love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control.
  7. Nine Spiritual Gifts – In Christianity, spiritual gifts are endowments given by the Holy Spirit. These are the supernatural graces which individual Christians need to fulfill the mission of the church. They are Word of wisdom, Word of knowledge, Faith, Gifts of healings, Miracles, Prophecy, Distinguishing between spirits, Tongues, Interpretation of tongues
  8. Navadhatu – Nine metals – The nine metals are the seven sacred metals, corresponding to the sacred seven planets: gold (Sun), silver (moon), mercury (Mercury), copper (Venus), iron (Mars), tin (Jupiter), antimony (Saturn) plus nickel and zinc make nine.
  9. Navapatrika – Nine leaves – Navpatrika, are the leaves of nine plants used during Durga Puja rituals in Bengal, Orissa and other parts of Eastern India. The nine plants that are used include plantain (Banana), Kachvi or Kacci or Kachu, Turmeric, Barley, wood apple (Bilva), pomegranate, Asoka, manaka or Mana and rice paddy or Dhanya.
  10. Navamegham – Nine clouds – Savartham, avartham, pushkalam, dronam, neelam, kalam, varunam, vayamyam and thamam.
  11. Navasayakam – 9 inferior castes – cowherd, Gardner, oilman, weaver, confectioner, water carrier, potter, blacksmith and barber.
  12. Navamukhi Rudraaksha – In the concept of Rudraaksha; Navamukhi (nine faced) is known to represent Nava Durga (nine forms of the Goddess) and its ruling planet is Kethu. It is believed to bestow upon the wearer energy, dynamism, fearlessness and spiritual development. It is also used as a remedy for Kethu and Venus related problems.

Nine – Number nine (9) is the most intriguing digit of all the numbers. It is an absolute number which when multiplied by any number always reproduces itself; the sum of digits in the product will always be nine. In Sanskrit # nine is known as Nava; and Navaka means group of nine, fresh, new, blooming etc. It is such a fascinating, sacred and divine number that it is associated with several doctrines and concepts of Hindu philosophy, religion and spirituality.

  1. Nine grahas (nine planets) – Sun, Moon, Mars, Budha (Mercury), Guru (Jupiter), Sukra (Venus), Sani (Saturn), Rahu and Ketu.
  2. Navarasa – Navarasa means Nine Emotions in which Nava signifies nine and Rasa signifies Emotions.The nine emotions included in Navarasa are Shringara (love), Hasya(laughter), Karuna (kind-heartedness or compassion), Raudra (anger), Veera ( courage), Bhayanaka (terror), Bheebhatsya (disgust), Adbutha (surprise), and Shantha (peace or tranquility). These are the emotions that human shows according to the situations. Bharata Muni has explained these nine emotions or Navarasa in his treatise Natyashasthra.
  3. Nine Dosa – Gulika, Visti, Gandantam, Visa, Usna, ekargalam, Sarpasiras, latam and Vaidhrtam.
  4. Nine Karmasaksin(s) – Surya, Candra, Yama, Kala, Akasa, Vayu, Agni, Jala and Bhumi.
  5. Nine Rivers – Sarasvati, Vaitarani, Apaga, Mandakini, Madhusrava, Amlu, Kausiki, Drsadvati and Hiranvatl.
  6. Nine Duti – Duti, Dasi, Sakhi, Ceti, Dhatreyi, Prativesini, Lingini, Silpini and Svastri.
  7. Nine treasures (nidhis) – Mahapadma, Padma, Sankha, Makara, Kacchapa, Mukunda, Kunda, Nila and Kharva.
  8. Nine Prajapatis – Bhrgu, Marici, Atri, Daksa, Kardama, Pulaha, Pulastya, Angiras and Kratu.
  9. Nine Yogins – Kavi, Hari, Antariksa. Prabuddha, Pippalayana, Avihotra, Dramida, Camasa and Karabhajana.
  10. Nine Varsa – (Sub continents). Bharatavarsa, Kimpurusavarsa. Harivarsa, Ilavrtavarsa, Ramyakavarsa, Hiranmayavarsa, Kuruvarsa, Bhadrasvavarsa and Ketumalavarsa.
  11. Nine kinds of Rajas – Sarvabhauma, Adhiraja. Narendra, Parsnika, Pattadhrk, Mandalesvara, Bhattabhak, Praharaka and Srotragrahi.
  12. Nine kinds of Angels – Bhaktijvalaka, Jnanadhikya, Bhadrasana, Nathakrtya, Tattvaka, Balavad, Samadhanamukhya and Mukhyadevaduta.
  13. The nine planets discovered in our solar system, are in the order starting from Sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto.
  14. There are nine forms of devotion – Sravana (hearing of God’s Lilas and stories), Kirtana (singing of His glories), Smarana (remembrance of His name and presence), Padasevana (service of His feet), Archana (worship of God), Vandana (prostration to Lord), Dasya (cultivating the Bhava of a servant with God), Sakhya (cultivation of the friend-Bhava) and Atmanivedana (complete surrender of the self). A devotee can practice any method of Bhakti which suits him best. Through that he will attain Divine illumination.
  15. Human body is considered as a city with nine gates – navadware pure dehe. The nine openings are ears (2), eyes (2), nostrils (2), mouth and two excretory openings.
  16. Nava Durga – Goddess Durga is said to have manifested in nine different forms known as Nava Durga. They are Shailaputhri; Brahmacharini; Chandraghanta; Kooshmaanda; Skhandhamatha; Kaathyaayani; Kaalarathri; Maha Gouri; and Siddhidhaathri.  Navadurga Stuthi is based on the above names. Goddess Durga is worshipped for nine days during Navrathri festivals.
  17. Nava Naarasimha – Famous pilgrim centre, Ahobilam is called Nava Naarasimha Kshethra where, Lord Naarasimha is said to have manifested in nine different forms (Nava Naarasimha) within Ahobilam. They are Jwaala Naarasimha, Ahobila Naarasimha, Maalola Naarasimha, Krodha Naarasimha, Kaaranja Naarasimha, Bhaargava Naarasimha, Yogaananda Naarasimha, Chatravata Naarasimha, and Paavana Naarasimha. These nine forms of Lord Naarasimha depicting nine types of reactions are said to be the governing lords of Navagrahas. Worshiping these nine forms of Lord Naarasimha is believed to a good remedy for Navagraha Dosha. 
  18. Nava Brahmas – Mareechi; Angeerasa; Pulastya; Pulaha; Krathu; Daksha; Brugu; Vasishta and Athri are the sons of Lord Brahma grouped as Nava Brahmas.
  19. Nava Naaga – Anantha; Vaasuki; Sesha; Padmanaabha; Kambala; Sankhapaala; Dhaartharaashtra; Takshaka; and Kaali are grouped as nine great Naaga Devathas (Serpent Gods) who are adored in Hindu religion.
  20. Nava Dhaanya – A group of nine grains generally associated with Navagrahas are; wheat (Sun), rice (Moon), red gram (Mars), green gram (Mercury), Bengal gram (Jupiter), black eyed peas (Venus), black sesame (Saturn), black gram (Rahu), and horse gram (Kethu). They are also used as a remedy for Navagraha dosha.
  21. There are many common saying such as
    1. A stitch in time saves nine
    2. I am in cloud nine
    3. A cat has nine lives.
    4. They fell like nine pins.
  22. NAVAKANYAKA – An important item of Navaratripuja (A festival of 9 days as observed by Sakti worshippers) is the worship of virgins. The nine kinds of virgins (from two to ten years in age) thus worshipped are called Navakanyakas (nine virgins). A girl two years old is called Kumari, three years old Trimurti; four years old Kalyani; five years old Rohini; six years old Kali; Seven years old Candika; eight years old Sambhavi; nine years old Durga and ten years old Subhadra. These girls are called Navakanyakas.
  23. NAVARATNAS (The nine precious Jewels )  – The nine precious stones are pearl, ruby, Chrysoprasus, beryl, diamond, coral, jacinth, emerald and sapphire.

(Mukta – manikya – vaidurya – gomeda vajra –vidrumau, Padmarago maratakarh nilasceti yathakramam).

  1. NAVARATNAS – Legend says that there were nine scholars who handled philosophy and arts, in the palace of the emperor Vikramaditya. These nine scholars were known by the name Navaratnas (the nine jewels) . They were Dhanvantari, Ksapanaka, Amarasirnha, Sanku, Vetalabhatta, Ghatakarpara,Kalidasa,Varahamihira and Vararuci.
  1. Tyajyas – (things to be shunned) . A. Horse returning after bath, elephant in its rut, love-lorn bull and wicked scholar. B. Evil action, unhealthy region, evil wife and bad foods.
  2. Danas (Gifts) – Gifts daily given without expecting return or result is Nityadana. Gifts given to scholars (pundits) for the sake of alleviation of or redemption from sin are Naimittikadana. Gifts given for welfare and prosperity is Kamyakadana. Offering made to propitiate God is Vimala.
  3. Nayakas (Heroes)-  Dhirodatta, Dhiroddhata, Dhiralalita, Dhirasanta.
  4. Naris( Women) – Padmini, Sankhini, Citrini, and Hastini.
  5. Pramanas( Means of valid knowledge) – Pratyaksa, Anumana, Upamana, and Sabda.
  6. Moksas (Salvation). Salokya, Samipya, Sarupya and Sayujya.
  7. Yoga –  Jnanayoga, Bhaktiyoga, Karmayoga and Dhyanayoga.
  8. Satrus (Enemies) –  Mother leading an immoral life; father who incurs debt; foolish son and beautiful wife.
  9. Sastras-  Nitisastra, Tarkasastra, Manusmrti and Kamasastra.
  10. Caturamla – Four sour substances – vetasa, vrikshamla, brihaj-jambira and nimbaka.
  11. Caturushana – four hot spices – black and long pepper, dry ginger and the root of long pepper.
  12. Caturbhadra – Extremely auspicious objects of human desire A. Dharma, Kama, Artha and bala. B. Kiti, ayus, yashas and bala. C. Dharma, jnana, aisvarya and vairagya.  D. dana, jnana, saurya and bhoga.
  13. Caturyuga – There are four yugas, satya, dwapara, treat and kali.
  14. Caturmedha – one who Has offered four sacrifices – ashva, purusha, sarva and pitri medha.
  15. Caturdhama – the four places of pilgrimage in the four corners of India, viz. Badrinath in the North, Rameswaram in the South, Jagannatha Puri in East and Dwaraka in the West. Every Hindu must visit these four places in his lifetime.
  16. Catus-sana – the four “manasaputras” of Brahma. Sanaka, Sanatkumara, Sanatsujata, and Sanandana.
  17. Four Noble Truths – Dukkha – The Noble Truth of Suffering , Samudaya – The Noble Truth of the Cause of Suffering , Nirodha – The Noble Truth of the Cessation of Suffering , Magga – The Noble Truth of the Path leading to the Cessation of Suffering
  18. The Four Heavenly Kings – are said to currently live in the Cāturmahārājika heaven on the lower slopes of Mount Sumeru. They are the protectors of the world and fighters of evil, each able to command a legion of supernatural creatures to protect the Dharma. They are Vaiśravaṇa (Kubera) meaning he who hears everything,  Virūḍhaka, he who causes to grow, Dhṛtarāṣṭra, he who upholds the realm  and Virūpākṣa , he who sees all.
  19. Four Foundations of Mindfulness in Buddhism – contemplation of the body, contemplation of feelings, contemplation of mind, contemplation of mental objects
  20. The mammalian heart consists of four chambers.
  21. There are four basic states of matter: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.
  22. Most furniture has four legs – tables, chairs, etc.
  23. Most vehicles, including motor vehicles, and particularly cars/automobiles and light commercial vehicles have four road wheels.
  24. In cricket, a four is scored when the ball crosses the boundary after touching the ground at least once. Taking four wickets in four consecutive balls is typically referred to as a double hat trick (two consecutive, overlapping hat tricks).
  25. The phrase “four-letter word” is used to describe most swear words in the English language, as most swear words do indeed possess four letters.
  26. Four seasons: spring, summer, autumn, winter.
  27. Four cardinal virtues: justice, prudence, temperance, fortitude.
  28. Four suits of playing cards: hearts, diamonds, clubs, spades.
  29. Four estates: politics, administration, judiciary, journalism. Especially in the expression “Fourth Estate”, this means journalism.
  30. Four is the only number that has the same amount of letters as its actual value.
  31. Four dimensions of modern science: length, breadth, width, and time.
  32. In Japan, the four brings misfortune. They avoid to pronounce it because the same word means “the death
  33. Several prominent facts come to associate the number four to the cross of the Christ: the four segments of the cross; the four kinds of wood which were used for the construction of the cross of Christ : the palm tree, the olive-tree, the cedar and the cypress, the four letters I.N.R.I. engraved on the cross.
  34. The Buddhism is based on the four truths taught by “Cakkya-Mouni”: “Kou”, the pain exists in the birth, the old age, the disease, the attachment, etc.; “Tou”, it is the sharing of all the creatures: its origin is the thirst of existence, pleasures, power; “Mou”, the man must be liberated by the annihilation of the desire; “Tau”, the means to arrive at this setting free is the practice of the “eight branches of the noble path”.
  35. The quaternary of the motto of the alchemists: to know, to want, to dare, to hush.
  36. Four steps to accountability – To see, to own, to solve and to do.
  37. The Quran authorizes the polygamy, allowing a man to have as far as four women.
  38. According to C.G. Jung, psyches of the man are governed by the following four psychological functions: the thought, the intuition, the feeling and the sentiment.
  39. The four fundamental parts of the organic chemistry: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitroge
  40. nThe cow’s stomach is divided in four digestive compartments: reticulum, rumen, omasum and abomasum
  41. Four cardinal directions: north, south, east, west.
  42. Four Temperaments: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, phlegmatic

 

 

 

 

 

Four – in Christianity number 4 is symbolically linked to the Cross and employed to signify what is solid and that which could be touched and felt. The symbolic meaning of number Four deals with stability and invokes the grounded nature of all things. Consider the four seasons, four directions, four elements all these amazingly powerful essences wrapped up in the nice square package of Four. Fours represent solidity, calmness, and home. A recurrence of Four in your life may signify the need to get back to your roots, center yourself, or even “plant” yourself. Fours also indicate a need for persistence and endurance.

Four also has many symbolic significance and meaning in Hinduism. Various things mentioned in the Puranas having some association with four are given below

  1. The aim of life (purusharthas) is four – dharma (righteousness), artha (wealth), Kama (desire), and moksha (salvation).
  2. Four varnas as told by Krishna – Brahmin, Kshatriya, vaisya, sudra.
  3. Brahma has four faces and four hands.
  4. Four directions – north, east, west and south.
  5. Four ways of influencing and motivating others – being generous, uttering kind words, giving appropriate teachings and being consistent with words and actions.
  6. Four sights that affected Siddhartha deeply and made him realize the sufferings of all beings that compelled him to begin the spiritual journey – an old man, a sick man, a dead man and an ascetic.
  7. Most vehicles have 4 wheels.
  8. Four basic functions in mathematics – addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
  9. Four seasons – spring, summer, autumn and winter.
  10. Four yuga – satyayuga, dwaparayuga, tredhayuga and Kaliyuga.
  11. Four vedas – rig, yajur, sama and atharva
  12. Four types of relationships – spiritual, sensual, sensical and exemplary.
  13. Excess of these four destroys a person – hunting (shopping), drinking, womanizing and gambling.
  14. Four distances – In the case of an elephant one must keep a distance of 1000 meter, a horse 100 meter, horned animals 10 meter, evil people, unlimited number of meters.
  15. Four Adhikarins – Manda (the very ordinary)) Madhyama (medium standard), Uttama (best) and Uttamottama (the very best)
  16. Four Anubandhas. (Factors) – In philosophy there are four factors called Visaya (subject matter), Prayojana (purpose), Sambandha (relationship between factors) and Adhikarin (the deserving or eligible person).
  17. Four Antahkaranas (Internal organs] – Manas (mind) , Buddhi (intellect), Cittam (heart )and Ahankara (ego). Imagination is the function of the mind, decision that of Buddhi, to retain knowledge gained in orderly form is the function of Cittam and self-respect that of Ahankara.
  18. Four Anvavayas – Satyam(truthfulness), Dama (Self control), Arjavam (straightforwardness) and Anrsamsyam (not to be cruel).
  19. Anvavedas – Yajna (sacrifical offerings) , Dana (alms-giving, gifts), Adhyayana (learning) and Tapas (penance) .
  20. Four Apatrikaranas (Not suited to the particular station or place in life) – Brahmins are forbidden from receiving bribes, engaging in trades, service of Sudras and uttering lies.
  21. Abhinayas (Acting) – Angikam (where gestures and bodily actions are used to convey ideas), Sattvika, Subjective feelings expressed by perpiration etc. Aharyam (extraneous) and Vacikam (by words of mouth)
  22. Abhyasavisayas – (Subjects for practice and training) – Vinaya (humility), Damana (control of mind), Indriyanigraha (controlling the sense-organs) and Bhutadaya (kindness)
  23. Amritas (Nectar) – Good wife, talk of children, present from King and honorable food.
  24. Alankaras(Ornaments) – For the stars, Moon; for women, husband; for earth, King and for all, education (learning) .
  25. Alankarasadhanas – According to rhetorics, Atisaya (excellence), Samya (simile), Vastavam (matter of fact, as it is) and Slesa (one word with two meanings).
  26. Avasthas (States, conditions) – A. Saisavam (childhood), Kaumaram ( boyhood), Yauvanam (youth) and Vardhakyam (old age). B. Jagrat(wakefulness), Svapnam (dream ), Susupti (sleep) and Turiyam (being one with the supreme soul).
  27. Astraprayogalaksyas (Objects of shooting arrows) – Sthiram, Calam, Calacalam, Dvayacalam.  When the archer and the object of his shooting remain motionless the object is called Sthiram. When the object is moving but the archer is not, the object is called Calam. When the case is just the opposite of the above it is Calacalam. When both are moving it is called Dvayacalam.
  28. Akhyayikagunas (Factors of the novel )-  Kathabandha (plot or theme), Patraprakatanam (exposition of characters), Rasapusti (sentiment) and Gadyariti (prose style) .
  29. Abharanas (Ornaments) – For man, shape or form; for form, quality or merit; for quality, knowledge or wisdom and for wisdom, patience or forbearance.
  30. Ayudhas ( Weapons) – Mukta, Amukta, Muktamukta and Yantramukta.
  31. Avaranas(Covering, Protection) – For earth the sea, for house the compound wall, for country the King, for women chastity.
  32. Aharadis (Food etc.) – Ahara ( food) , Nihara (Evacuation), Maithuna (sexual act), Nidra (sleep).
  33. Aharavastus(edibles) – Khadyam (eaten by munching with teeth and chewing), Peyam (that which is drunk), Lehyam (licked with the tongue )and Bhojyam (that which is not included in the above three).
  34. Rnas (Obligations, debts) – Debts due to Devas, Rsis, Pitrs and Men. One pays back one’s debts to Devas by performing yajnas. By Svadhyaya (selfstudy) and tapas one pays the debt due to Rsis; by procreation of children and libation offerings that due to Pitrs and by truthfulness, hospitality etc. that due to people are repaid.
  35. Rtviks –  Adhvaryu, Udgata, Hota and Brahma. The first of the four should be an erudite scholar in Yajurveda, the second in Samaveda, the third in Atharvaveda and the fourth in all the four Vedas.
  36. Kavis (Poets)- He who boasts about himself in secret is called Udatta; he who cries down others and indulges in self-praise is known as Uddhata; he who proclaims others’ merits is called Praudha and he who shows humility is called Vinita.
  37. Kukkutagunas  (Traits of the Cock) – To rise early in the morning, to struggle for existence, to share whatever is got with relations and to work and earn one’s own food these are the qualities of the Cock.
  38. Grahyas (Acceptables) – A. Nectar even from poison, good advice even from boys, good action even from enemies and noble and chaste brides even from low families are to be welcomed. B. Literacy (learning of alphabets) should be accepted from brahmins, food from mother, pan from wife and bangles from King.
  39. Caturangas  – Elephant, Horse, Chariot and Infantry.
  40. Asramas –  Brahmacharya (student life), Garhasthya (married life), Vanaprastha (anchorite, forest-life) and Sannyasa (Renunciation).
  41. Yugas –  Krta, Treta, Dvapara and Kali.
  42. Vargas –  Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksa.
  43. Upayas  (Expedients).- Sama, Dana, Bheda, Danda.
  44. Cikitsapddas (Four elements in the treatment of patients) – Vaidya (doctor), Rogin (patient), Ausadham (medicine) and Paricaraka (attendant).
  45. Jatis  (Castes’) – Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudra.